Presentation on theme: "The end of the line…. Who decides? After the jury returns a verdict of guilty either…guilty The judge determines the sentence Or the jury gives a recommendation."— Presentation transcript:
Purpose of Punishment: 1.Retribution/Revenge SSometimes society wants revenge against those who break the law.
Retribution/Revenge (cont) For the real bad mamajamas… Some states (33) and the federal government will kill you.kill you Lethal Injection Lethal Injection Electric chair Gas Chamber Hanging Firing squad Firing squad
Pupose of Punishment: 2.Deterrence TThe punishment will, hopefully discourage the offender from committing another crime. AAlso, it will prevent, hopefully, others from committing similar acts.
Purpose of Punishment: 3.Rehabilitation HHelping a convict change their behavior so that they may lead a productive life after release. EEducation DDrug and alcohol rehab AAnger Management
Purpose of Punishment: 4.Incapacitation PPhysically separate the criminal from society for the protection of ALL.
Sentence- without jail time Probation- released but must follow conditions such as… Probation Getting a job No drug use Not travelling outside the county or state
Sentence- Monetary Fine- pay the government an amount of money as punishment Restitution- pay back the victim for loss or injury Restitution-
Sentence- like jail time Home Confinement- ordered to serve the sentence at home Can leave for necessary functions, like a job Monitored by tracking braceletsbracelets Work Release- convict must live at the prison, but can work in the community
Sentence- Imprisonment Imprisonment- a term in jail or prison Mandatory sentences Followed by “Extended Supervision” This gets used up when a prisoner “misbehaves” while in prison. Instead of parole (good time) you stay in prison longer (bad time)
Problems with prisons US prison population largest in world US: 5% of world population but 25% of world’s prison population 1 in 100 US adults is in prison or jail 1 in 100 Prison spending is out of controlcontrol
Problems with prisons Recidivism – committing an act again after receiving punishment 40-50% of released prisoners commit crimes (often the same crime) again. Reducing Recidivism Reducing Write down 3 ways that the video shows how recidivism can be reduced.
Problems with prisons 10,000 juveniles in adult prisons in the United Statesjuveniles But some states have it rightstates
Rank the following crimes based on which deserves the harshest punishment: Rape Aggravated First Degree Murder Negligent Homicide Armed Robbery Burglary Petty Larceny Sexual Abuse of a Child Kidnapping Treason against the United States government Arson Extortion Embezzlement of $100,000 Second Degree Murder Then, write what you think the sentence should be for each of these crimes. Hold for next class.
The Classification of Routinely Prosecuted Felonies Class A (Life) 1st Degree Intentional Homicide Class B (40 years/20Years Extended Supervision) Attempted 1st Degree Intentional Homicide 1st Degree Reckless Homicide 2nd Degree Intentional Homicide 1st Degree Sexual Assault 1st Degree Sexual Assault of a Child Class C (25 Years/15 Years Extended Supervision) Armed Robbery Arson of Building 2nd Degree Sexual Assault 2nd Degree Sexual Assault of a Child Homicide by Intox. Use of Vehicle (with prior OWI-type conviction)
Class D (15 Years/ 10 Years Extended Supervision) 2nd Degree Reckless Homicide 1st Degree Reckless Injury Homicide by Intox. Use of Vehicle (no prior OWI-type convictions) Class E (10 years/ 5 Years Extended Supervision) Robbery Aggravated Burglary Aggravated Battery Class F 7.5 Years/5 Years Extended Supervision) Burglary 2nd Degree Reckless Injury 1st Degree Recklessly Endangering Injury by Intox.Use of Vehicle
Class G (5 Years/5 Years Extended Supervision) 3rd Degree Sexual Assault 2nd Degree Recklessly Endangering Safety Felon in Possession of Firearm Theft (> $10,000) Receiving Stolen Property (> $10,000) Theft from Person Class H (3 Years/3 Years Extended Supervision) Battery to Law Enforcement Officer Operating Vehicle w/o Owner's Consent ("take & drive") Perjury Felony Escape Felony Bail Jumping False Imprisonment Forgery Theft (> $5,000 but $5,000 but < $10,000)
Class I (1.5 years/2 years Extended Supervision) Arson of Property other than a Building Possession of Burglarious Tools Operating Vehicle w/o Owner's Consent ("drive/operate") Theft (> $2,500 but < $ 5,000) Receiving Stolen Property (> $2,500 but < $ 5,000) Failure to Support (more than 120 days) Possession of Firearm in School Zone