Presentation on theme: "IAEA Safety Publications Related to Regulatory Infrastructure Safety Fundamentals SF 1 Safety Requirements GSR Part 1, GSR Part 3 School of Drafting."— Presentation transcript:
1 IAEA Safety Publications Related to Regulatory Infrastructure Safety Fundamentals SF 1 Safety Requirements GSR Part 1, GSR Part 3 School of Drafting Regulations, Vienna, November / December Stephen Evans
2 Outline Introduction to the IAEA Safety Standards Safety Fundamentals GSR Part 1Governmental, Legal and Regulatory Framework for SafetyGSR Part 3Radiation Protection and Safety of Radiation Sources: International Basic Safety StandardsDraft Model Regulations
4 IAEA Safety Standards Categories Fundamental safety objectives and principles for protecting people and environmentRequirements that must be met to ensure protection of people and the environment – “shall” statementsRecommended ways of meeting the requirements
5 IAEA Safety StandardsIn 1958, the IAEA published its first Safety StandardSafety Series No. 1, Safe Handling of RadioisotopesOver the years, some 200 publications have been issued in the Safety Series
6 IAEA Safety StandardsIn 1996 , the Department of Nuclear Safety established:a new approach to developing Safety StandardsHarmonized processes involving:the Commission on Safety Standards (CSS);the four Safety Standards Committees;preparation of an overall structure for the Safety Standards.
8 Commission & Committees The Commission on Safety Standards and the Committees were established with the objective of achieving consensus, quality, coherence and consistency in the development of international standards for safety.IAEA safety standards are developed in close consultation with Member States and with representatives of relevant international organizations.Approval by the Board of Governors is required for Safety Fundamentals and Safety Requirements.The authority to establish Safety Guides has been delegated to the IAEA Director General.Consensus at the highest levelThe Commission on Safety Standards and the Committees were established with the objective of achieving consensus, quality, coherence and consistency in the development of international standards for safety. The Commission has a special overview role in the preparation and review of the IAEA safety standards.Consensus on what constitutes a high level of safety is reached at the highest level: IAEA safety standards are developed in close consultation with Member States (through their representatives in the Commission and Committees and the 120 day comment period) and with representatives of relevant international organizations.Approval by the Board of Governors is required for Safety Fundamentals and Safety Requirements. The authority to issue Safety Guides has been delegated to the IAEA Director General.
9 Fundamental Safety Principles Unified Fundamental Safety PrinciplesPrinciple 1: Responsibility for safety“The prime responsibility for safety must rest with the person or organization responsible for facilities and activities that give rise to radiation risks.”Principle 2: Role of government“An effective legal and governmental framework for safety, including an independent regulatory body, must be established and sustained.”
10 Fundamental Safety Principles Principle 3: Leadership and management for safetyPrinciple 4: Justification of facilities and activities“Facilities and activities that give rise to radiation risks must yield an overall benefit.”Principle 5: Optimization of Protection“Protection must be optimized to provide the highest level of safety that can reasonably be achieved.”
11 Fundamental Safety Principles Principle 6: Limits on risks to individuals“Measures for controlling radiation risks must ensure that no individual bears anunacceptable risk of harm.”Principle 7: Protection of present and future generationsand the environmentPrinciple 8: Prevention of accidentsPrinciple 9: Emergency preparedness and responsePrinciple 10: Protective actions to reduce existing or unregulated radiation risks
12 Governmental, Legal & Regulatory Framework for Safety (GSR Part 1) Published in 2010Applicable to all States, for all types of facilities and activitiesThree sets of requirements:Responsibilities and functions of the GovernmentThe global safety regimeResponsibilities and functions of the regulatory body
13 Governmental, Legal & Regulatory Framework for Safety (GSR Part 1)Responsibilities and functions of the GovernmentSafety policySafety frameworkEstablishment of an independent regulatory bodyEmergency preparedness and responseWaste managementExisting exposure situations
14 Governmental, Legal & Regulatory Framework for Safety (GSR Part 1)The global safety regimeInternational obligations and cooperationSharing of operating experience and regulatory experience
15 Governmental, Legal & Regulatory Framework for Safety (GSR Part 1)Responsibilities and functions of the regulatory bodyOrganizationStaffing and TrainingManagement systemAuthorizationInspectionEnforcementRegulations and Guides
16 International Basic Safety Standards GSR Part 3Radiation Protection and Safety of Radiation Sources: International Basic Safety StandardsPublished 2011
17 Comprehensive character of the BSS Regulatory control of exposureOccupational and public exposure from practicesSafety of sourcesSafety of radioactive wasteMedical exposureExisting exposure situationsEmergency preparednessRehabilitationBasis for safe transportThe essential protection and safety requirements of the BSS underpin all circumstances of exposure to radiationMany countries have stressed the need to retain the comprehensive character of the BSS. The essential protection and safety requirements, including requirements for regulatory control of sources, justification, optimization, responsibilities of the various parties, numerical values of dose limits, exemption levels, etc, underpin all circumstances of exposure to radiation.This does not mean that a revised BSS will absorb other existing Safety Requirements, such as GS-R-1 and GS-R-2, but that appropriate essential requirements will be included in the revised BSS for completeness, with cross-linkages to the detailed requirements in other documents.
18 Structure of the BSS – GSR Part 3 Three exposure situations:Planned exposure situationsEmergency exposure situationsExisting exposure situationsThree categories of exposureOccupationalPublicMedical
19 Responsibilities in the BSS Responsibilities for implementing requirements assigned, as appropriate, to:GovernmentRegulatory body or other national authorityRegistrants and licenseesEmployersRadiological medical practitionersManufacturers and other suppliersEmergency response organizations
20 BSS Section 2: General requirements for protection and safety Section 2 contains requirements that are applicable to all three exposures situations (planned, emergency, existing)It establishes the three radiation protection principlesJustificationOptimization of protection of safetyDose limitationNoting that:Justification and optimization apply to all three exposure situations;Dose limitation only applies to planned exposure situations, excluding medical exposure
21 BSS Section 2: General requirements for protection and safety Responsibilities of government / regulatory bodyAs in GSR Part 1Responsibilities of other partiesPrime responsibility for safety – registrants & licenseesPrincipal parties:Registrants and licensees, and those responsible for notified practicesEmployers – occupational exposureRadiological medical practitioners - medical exposureDesignated persons or organizations to deal with emergency exposure situations or existing exposure situations
22 BSS Section 3: Planned Exposure Situations - Scope Practices, including:use of radiation or radioactive material in industry, medicine, etc.;mining and processing of raw materials that leads to exposure due to radioactive materials;generation of nuclear power and other activities in nuclear fuel cycle.Sources within practices, including:facilities that contain radioactive material and radiation generators, e.g.:Medical radiation facilitiesIrradiation facilitiesRadioactive waste management facilitiesMineral extraction & mineral processing facilitiesNuclear installationsindividual sources of radiationOccupational, medical and public exposureSome natural sources above specified levels
23 BSS Section 3: Planned Exposure Situations - Generic Requirements Requirements include:Graded approachNotification & AuthorizationExemption & ClearanceResponsibilities of Registrants & LicenseesJustificationOptimization of protection and safetyDose limits
24 BSS Section 3: Planned Exposure Situations - Occupational exposure Requirements include:Responsibilities of regulatory bodyMonitoring and recording of exposuresResponsibilities of employers and licenseesCompliance by workersArrangements for a Radiation Protection ProgrammeClassification of (work) areasLocal rules and personal protective equipmentMonitoring of the workplaceAssessment of occupational exposureInformation, instruction and trainingConditions of serviceSpecial arrangements – pregnant women, breast-feeding women, persons under 18 years of age
25 BSS Section 3: Planned Exposure Situations - Public exposure Requirements include:Responsibilities of Government and the Regulatory BodyEstablish and enforce requirements that require protection and safety be optimized and that public exposure is limitedResponsibilities of relevant parties specific to public exposureRadioactive waste and dischargesMonitoring and reportingConsumer products
26 BSS Section 3: Planned Exposure Situations - Medical exposure Requirements include:ResponsibilitiesGovernmentRegulatory bodyLicenseesJustification of medical exposuresOptimization of protection and safetyPregnant women & breast-feeding womenUnintended & accidental medical exposuresReviews and records
27 BSS Section 4: Emergency Exposure Situations Requirements include that Government ensures:An emergency management system;preparedness and response to an emergency;arrangements for controlling the exposure of emergency workers;arrangements for the transition from an emergency exposure situation to an existing exposure situation
28 BSS Section 5: Existing Exposure Situations Scope includes:Exposure due to contamination by residual radioactive material, arising from:Past activities that were never regulatedA nuclear or radiation emergency, after such has been declared endedCommodities that incorporate radionuclides arising from residual radioactive materialFood, water, feed, building materialsExposure to natural sources, including:Radon in dwellings and workplacesRadionuclides of natural origin in commoditiesExposure of aircrew and space crew to cosmic radiation
29 BSS Section 5: Existing Exposure Situations Requirements include:Responsibilities of GovernmentEnsure that existing exposure situations that have been identified are evaluated from a radiation protection view pointSpecify general principles underlying protection strategies that can be usedAssign responsibilities to establish & implement protection strategiesJustification for protective actions & optimization of protection and safetyResponsibilities for remediation of areas with residual radioactive materialPublic exposure due to radon indoorsExposure due to radionuclides in commoditiesExposure in workplaces
30 Summary The combination of: the Fundamental Safety Principles, SF-1;Governmental, Legal & Regulatory Framework for Safety, GSR Part 1; andRadiation Protection and Safety of Radiation Sources: International Basic Safety Standards, GSR Part 3sets the requirements for establishing a national infrastructure for nuclear and radiation safety.
31 Application of the Safety Standards Notable application by MS:Formally adoptedDirect use of Safety StandardsUsed as reference for review of national standards and as benchmark for harmonization
32 Current Status of the Safety Standards Since the establishment of the Safety Standards Series:Safety Fundamentals issued in 2006Safety Requirements established from 1996 to 2010In total 108 Safety Standards publishedUpdated “Status of Safety Standards” on the web site:Includes hyperlinks to the published Safety Standards in official languagesIncludes general information and link to the IAEA Safety Glossary
33 Legal Status of the IAEA Safety Standards Safety Standards are:non binding on Member States but may be adopted by them;binding for the IAEA’s own activities;binding on States in relation to operations assisted by the IAEA or States wishing to enter into project agreements with the IAEA.They are also:a condition for TC cooperation;used in the assessment of compliance with Safety Standards for project approval and source procurement.
34 Draft Model Regulations MODEL REGULATIONS FOR THE USE OF RADIATION SOURCES AND FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF THE ASSOCIATED RADIOACTIVE WASTE:Provides States with advice on appropriate regulations covering all aspects of the use of radiation sources and the safe management of the associated radioactive waste.Allows States to appraise the adequacy of their existing regulations and regulatory guidance documents.Covers the range of circumstances related to most facilities and activities using radiation sources;Provides guidance on matters to be addressed in national policy, strategy and regulations.Includes examples of texts as reference to assist national authorities, regulatory bodies, technical and legal experts in the development or review of regulations for radiation safety.
35 Draft Model Regulations MODEL REGULATIONS FOR THE USE OF RADIATION SOURCES AND FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF THE ASSOCIATED RADIOACTIVE WASTE:Supplements Safety Guide GS-G-1.5 in providing practical advice to States on the development of regulations for the safe use and control of radiation sources in medicine, industry, research, agriculture and education.Provides States with model provisions for regulations for the control of radiation sources and safe management of radioactive waste.Compatible with, and supplements, the ‘Handbook of Nuclear Law, Implementing Legislation’.You are encouraged to use these model regulations extensively during the School.
36 …Thank you for your attention IAEA Headquarters in Vienna, Austria.The IAEA was established in 1957.