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Viewing the Copyright Presentation The following presentation was created to help you learn more about copyright. To navigate through the presentation use the arrow button in the corner of each slide. You must use the slide show mode for viewing. If a word is underlined you can click on that word to find out more about the topic.underlined
Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia This project was created under fair use exemption of the U.S. Copyright Law. BIBLIOGRAPHY
These guidelines outline the limits of acceptable use of copyrighted material in educational fair use situations.fair use These guidelines provides concrete limits on the types and amounts of material that may be included in works by teachers and students.guidelines Fair Use Guidelines
Four Tests of Fair Use* Purpose and character of use –nonprofit educational use Nature of the copyrighted work –what is being copied Amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted material as a whole Effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work * Fair use ends when the multimedia creator loses control of the product’s use
Law vs. Guidelines The law, Title 17, United States Code, Public Law 94-553, 90 Stat.2541, gives schools and a limited number of other users special exceptions to the strict legal copyright requirements. These special exceptions are called “fair use.” These guidelines are interpreted to be the Congress’ intent in enacting the law.
Multimedia Guidelines The guidelines specify the amount of different types of copyrighted materials. –Motion MediaMotion Media –TextText –Music, lyrics and music videoMusic, lyrics and music video –Illustration, cartoons and photographsIllustration, cartoons and photographs –Numerical data setsNumerical data sets
Motion Media Up to 10% of a copyrighted work or 3 minutes, whichever is less Clip cannot be altered in any way
Text Up to 10% of a copyrighted work or 1000 words, whichever is less. Poems –Entire poem if less than 250 words –250 words or less if longer poem –No more than 5 poems(or excerpts) of different poets, from an anthology –Only 3 poems(or excerpts) per poet
Music, Lyrics, and Music Video Up to 10% of a copyrighted musical composition, but no more that 30 seconds Up to 10% of a body of sound recordings, but not more than 30 seconds Any alterations cannot change the basic melody or the fundamental character of the work
Illustrations, Cartoons and Photographs A photograph or illustration may be used in its entirety No more that 5 images of an artist’s or photographer’s work When using a collection, no more than 10% or no more than 15 images, whichever is less
Numerical Data Sets Up to 10% or 25000 fields or cell entries, whichever is less, from a copyrighted database or data table A field entry is defined as a specific item of information in a record of a database file A cell entry is defined as the intersection where a row and a column meet on a spreadsheet
Copyright and the Internet Web-based material is copyrighted just as print materials are and no notification of copyright status is required. Since there are to this point no significant cases dealing with fair use of Internet materials, one must analyze and evaluate every use in the light of the general guidelines.general guidelines
Copyright and the Internet Seek permission from the Web page creator by using the e-mail link on their page. Look for Web pages granting permission for use in educational situations. Encourage students to create their own graphics for their Web page by taking digital pictures or scanning in their own graphics.
Educator Fair Use Used for face-to-face curriculum based instruction or demonstration of how to create multimedia productions Presented at conferences (but may not share copies of the actual production) Remote instruction on a secure network Kept for only 2 years
Student Fair Use Student may perform or display projects in the course for which they were created May keep in their own portfolio as examples for job and graduate school interviews
Copying and Distribution Limitations Projects claiming fair use exemptions may not be posted on an unsecured web site. No more than two copies of the original production may be made. If more than one person has created the multimedia presentation, each principal creator may retain only one copy.
Multimedia Presentation Citations Educators and students must credit sources, giving full bibliographic information when available. The opening screen of the multimedia work must contain a notice that the work contains copyrighted materials which have been used under the fair use exemption of the U. S. Copyright Law.
BIBLIOGRAPHY Simpson, Carol Mann. Copyright for Schools: A Practical Guide. Ohio: Linworth, 1997. Copyright in an Electronic Environment http://www.dpi.state.nc.us/copyright1.html, 1997 http://www.dpi.state.nc.us/copyright1.html Copyright for Educators Main Web Page http://falcon.jmu.edu/~ramseyil/copy.htm http://falcon.jmu.edu/~ramseyil/copy.htm, 1997 Copyright Workshop http://www.cyberbee.com/copyrtref.html, 1996http://www.cyberbee.com/copyrtref.html 10 Big Myths About Copyright Explained http://www.templetons.com/brad/copymyths.html, 1999 http://www.templetons.com/brad/copymyths.html Back to Beginning
Underlined Links This is a hyperlink to tell you more about a topic. Click the arrow button in the corner to return back to the main topic.
Why Worry? In Region 10 there are three law suits pending with the minimum fine of $50,000.00. Disney and other companies pay a bounty to learn about violations. Part of the technology curriculum is integrity. Set a good example.