2 CIVIL CASES STEPS IN A CIVIL CASE Complaint – plaintiff/defendant, describes suit.Summons – sent by court to defendant.Discovery – find evidence in the case by both the defendant and the plaintiff.Settlement – either side has a chance to settle the issue before going to court, or use an arbitrator. (Most cases decided before court)Trial – Right to a jury, most decided by judge.Appeal – if defendant loses, has right to appeal.
3 CRIMINAL CASESArrestPolice arrest & book suspect. “Tag ‘em and bag ‘em clause.”Preliminary HearingSuspect appears before a judge.Bail is set.IndictmentGrand jury (or judge) hears evidence & formally charges the suspect with the crime.ArraignmentDefendant pleads not guilty.Trial date is set.Defendant plead guilty & accepts a plea bargain.TrialProsecution & defense present cases to jury/judgeJury/Judge reaches a verdict.AcquittalDefendant found not guilty or goes free.SentencingDefendant found guilty.Judge sentences defendant.
4 Goal of the Juvenile Justice System JUVENILES & THE COURTSJuvenile – a person under the age of 18.Juvenile Delinquent – persons under 18 who commit crime.Goal of the Juvenile Justice SystemRehabilitation – help young person correct behavior.Types of CasesNeglect – caregivers abuse or do not care for juvenile.Delinquency – juvenile commits crime.Juvenile TrialsNo trial by jury & trials are closed to the public.Once juvenile completes probation, the charges are dropped and removed from their record.