Presentation on theme: "India Development of Hinduism and Buddhism. India Aryans (Indo-Europeans) Nomadic herders 1500 B.C. conquered Dravidians who lived near the Indus River."— Presentation transcript:
India Aryan—Indo-European Root word AR– Noble Vedic Civilization 1700-1000 B.C. Location: Punjab region near the Indus and Yamuna River Society: war-like, organized kinship groups or tribal units called jana Developed a writing system called Sanskrit
Hinduism At the end of the Rig Vedic Period there is the development of the Caste System. It was based on the idea of Caturvarnas meaning four colors. The caste system was a Hindu belief that everyone was born into a caste or position in society.
Hinduism Social Order No Reincarnation Brahmin—priestly class Kshatriyas—Rulers and Warriors Vaisyas—Merchants/professionals Sudras—Workers and servants Reincarnation Untouchables Outside of the caste system jobs included tanning leather and collecting garbage.
Hinduism Texts Tripitaka Three Baskets The accounts of Buddha’s teachings
Hinduism Texts Shruti-that which is heard or divinely revealed. Truths revealed by the deities to the early sages. Vedas, Upanishads, Brahmanas and Aranyakas Rig, Sama, Yajur and Atharva
Hinduism Texts Smriti—that which is remembered or handed down based on revealed truths. It is based on revealed truths. Mahabarata, Bhagavad Gita and Ramayana lenghty poems which narrate episodes in the lives of great warriors.
Buddhism Independent access to truth through mediation and self-denial which are Hindu concepts. Buddhists also believe in some other Hindu concepts such as: Dharma (Duty, Responsibility) Karma (Consequences of one’s actions) Samsara (Reincarnation) Moksha (Nirvana)
Buddhism Siddhartha Gautama (563-483 BCE) At the age of 29 he leaves his home and meets four people: An old man A sick man with boils and a fever A corpse A man wandering with a begging bowl
Buddhism Siddhartha Gautama (563-483 BCE) He eventually leaves his wife and son and becomes a wandering beggar. He tries to solve the mystery of life by meditating under a tree. He is tempted for 49 days with riches, power and pleasures by Mara, the Prince of Demons
Buddhism Siddhartha Gautama (563-483 BCE) After he resists his temptation he is known as the Buddha or Enlightened One
Buddhism Siddhartha Gautama (563-483 BCE) After his meditation he arrived at the Four Noble Truths
Buddhism Siddhartha Gautama (563-483 BCE) 1. Life is filled with pain, sorrow, frustration, impermanence and dissatisfaction.
Buddhism Siddhartha Gautama (563-483 BCE) 2. All of this is caused by desire and attachment.
Buddhism Siddhartha Gautama (563-483 BCE) 3. To end suffering one must end desire—change yourself rather than trying to change the world
Buddhism Siddhartha Gautama (563-483 BCE) 4. Desirelessness can be achieved by following the Eightfold Path
Buddhism 5. Holding a job that doesn’t hurt others 6. Working to free ones mind of evil 7. Controlling one’s feelings 8. Practicing proper forms of concentration (meditation) 1. Knowledge of Truth 2. Intention to Resist Evil 3. Saying nothing to hurt others 4. Respect for Life, Morality and Property