Presentation on theme: "13 English Colonies Warm Up:"— Presentation transcript:
1 13 English Colonies Warm Up: Compare and contrast the reasons for settlement of Jamestown and Plymouth
2 Map Activity Label the 13 colonies. Color the middle colonies one color, New England colonies a different color, and southern colonies another color.
3 The Thirteen Colonies New England Middle Southern Massachusetts New HampshireConnecticutRhode IslandNew YorkPennsylvaniaNew JerseyDelawareMarylandVirginiaNorth CarolinaSouth CarolinaGeorgia
4 Notebook #1 Notebook Title Page #2 Unit One Title Page #3 Unit One Warm ups#4 Why History#5 Prehistoric Cultures Book Notes#6 Explorers Notes#7 Colonies Map #8 Important People of the New World#9 Early English Colonies#10 ACAPS Notes #11 Puritans vs Pilgrims#12 Thirteen Colonies Map#13 Thirteen Colonies Notes
5 13 English ColoniesSplit into 3 RegionsNew EnglandMiddleSouthern
6 Colonial Regions Climate Resources Social Class NE Middle Southern Long winter, short growing seasonRocky soil, good fishing groundsMiddle classMiddleShort wintersLarger farms, cash crops of grainPoor, middle classSouthernWarm, year-round growing seasonPlantation, limited cash cropsRich noble families, poor, indentured servants
7 What shaped us? Space – We had bunches of it. Wilderness – Not in Europe. Allowed us to have a different mind set of how to live.Newness – No history, no stuffy traditions that have to be followed.Isolation – We were far away from Europe.
8 Middle and Southern Colonies Continue notes on #13
10 Colonies Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island & New Hampshire Religion Puritans wanted to purify the church. Separatists (Pilgrims) wanted to move away. Industries Fishing, whaling, lumber, fur Agriculture Subsistence farming Society Began as church run and evolved into a gov. run. Lots of religion.
11 A. Charles II and New Colonization Proprietary ColoniesCharles II owed people favors for helping him during a civil warStarts Proprietary Colonies: grants of land to loyal friendsThey would own the land and control the Colonial Government
12 B. Middle Colonies New York (1674) Charles II gives the land to his brotherLand was already claimed by the Dutch (New Netherlands)NN becomes NY after English take itNo Representative Government
13 New Jersey Was part of NY Charles II’s brother, James, gives it to loyal friendsNo Representative Government
14 Pennsylvania (1682) Quakers settle in Penn Believed in tolerance and equalitySet up a colony that tolerated various religious beliefsAmish, Mennonites, and French Protestants cameWilliam Penn was the sole ruler until 1701, when he sets up a representative government
15 4. Delaware 1638: small colony of Swedes settle there Later the colony was seized by England.William Penn becomes the proprietor of an area along the Delaware River and bay.Later became the colony of Delaware.
16 Colonies New York, New Jersey, Delaware, and Pennsylvania Religion Mostly Protestant (Germany) and Quakers in Penn. Industries Harbors and rivers used for shipping. Cattle and pigs. Mills for grinding grain. Agriculture Mostly grain – Wheat, barley and rye. Society Very tolerant. Leading city was Philadelphia. (Paved streets, fire department, library . . .)
17 C. Southern Colonies Maryland (1632) Set up as a haven for English Catholics being persecutedMany Protestants came too, leading to clashes1649: Toleration Act is passed to protect the rights of all Christians to practice their religions
18 Carolinas To attract settlers: Representative GovernmentReligious TolerationHoped to bring more people to the colonySouthern Carolina: large land owners and slave laborNorthern Carolina: small farmers not dependent on slave labor1729: King makes them 2 separate colonies, NC and SC
20 GeorgiaStarted as a “buffer colony” between Spanish Florida and South CarolinaDebtors and poor crafts people were sent thereTrustees first controlled the colonySet strict rules on land ownership, slavery, and personal behavior
21 Colonies Maryland, Virginia, N. Carolina, S Colonies Maryland, Virginia, N. Carolina, S. Carolina, & Georgia Religion Protestant No particular one. Industries No real industries. Agriculture Cash crops on plantations. Rice, tobacco, indigo, cotton. Once the nutrients were gone, move to a new field. Society Plantations set up classes. Slaves at the bottom and large plantation owners at the top.
23 A. Steps Toward Self-Rule English Citizens?Colonists claimed they were and that they got all the rights enjoyed in EnglandBut the English Bill of Rights did not extend to coloniesSelf Government and UnityMassachusetts coined its own moneyUnited Colonies of New England/New England Confederation was also formed
24 B. Salutary Neglect Parliament in England Board of Trade Does not deal with colonial policyBoard of TradeSet up to handle colonial policyDid not rule colonies very strictlyColonists sent agents to influence the board
25 What is Salutary Neglect? Edmund Burke coins the phrase “Salutary Neglect”Means that the colonists benefit from being left aloneColonial Governments gain some independence because England is staying out of its business
26 C. Colonial Governments in 1700s Elected AssembliesMany colonists saw them as a rightSet them up like the English Parliament2 Houses = BicameralGovernor’s Council – Upper HouseElected Assembly – Lower House
27 Governors On paper they had power but could not always back it up Royal Colonies: Governor chosen by the KingProprietary Colonies: Governor chosen by the Proprietor