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Chapter 4: Federalism.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 4: Federalism."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 4: Federalism

2 What is Federalism? Federalism is a system of dividing power between the central national government, and the regional state governments

3 Why do we use a Federalist System?
Framers believed government was a threat to individual liberty Government must therefore be restrained Dividing the powers of government can limit it

4 Advantages of Federalism
Allows local action in matters of local concern Allows people to be more connected to policymaking at the local level Creates the chance to experiment with policies in a small area before applying them everywhere

5 Divisions of Power There are three kinds of power for the national government Expressed – written directly in the Constitution Implied – reasonably assumed from the expressed powers Inherent – never mentioned in the Constitution, but always used by national governments

6 Divisions of Power Reserved Powers – the powers that are not given to the national government, and are thus reserved for the states

7 Powers of Government Expressed Powers (National)
Print money Regulate interstate (between states) and international trade Make treaties and conduct foreign policy Declare war Provide an army and navy Establish post offices Make laws necessary and proper to carry out the these powers Reserved Powers (State) Issue licenses Regulate intrastate (within the state) businesses Conduct elections Establish local governments Ratify amendments to the Constitution Take measures for public health and safety May exert powers the Constitution does not delegate to the national government or prohibit the states from using

8 Powers of Government Concurrent Powers (exercised by both national and state government) Collect taxes Build roads Borrow money Establish courts Make and enforce laws Charter banks and corporations Spend money for the general welfare Eminent Domain - Take private property for public purposes, with just compensation

9 The Nation’s Obligations to the States
The national government is Constitutionally required to guarantee the following things for the states: Republican form of government – basically means a representative government

10 The Nation’s Obligations to the States
Protection from Invasion and Internal Disorder – federal government will use force when the state can’t handle a problem Respect for Territorial Integrity – it must legally acknowledge the existence and boundaries of the states

11 How to Admit New States Congress has the power to admit new states into the U.S. Therefore, Congress gets to set rules for what states must do to get admitted

12 Cooperative Federalism
Sometimes, the state and national governments fight over power There are also ways that they help each other

13 Federal Grants Grant – money from the federal government given to the states This money helps the states run programs like education and welfare without going broke The federal government sets conditions for receiving the grant, which gives it more influence over the state

14 Types of Grants Categorical Grant – money for a specific, defined purpose Block Grant – money for a broad purpose, few strings attached Project Grant – money for programs like research or job training, could be given to universities or private businesses

15 Other Help for the States
FBI helps state and local police Army helps National Guard Census Bureau’s data is free research for the states And more!

16 State help for the National Government
All elections are paid for and run by the states Local police often catch the criminals the FBI is searching for Naturalization takes place in state courts And more!

17 Interstate Relations

18 Full Faith and Credit The “Full Faith and Credit” Clause is found in Article IV It says that states must legally recognize each others’ public acts, records, and judicial proceedings

19 Exceptions to Full Faith and Credit
Full Faith and Credit only applies to Civil cases, not criminal cases! States cannot punish someone on behalf of another state States do not have to recognize each others’ divorces if the people were not true residents of the state granting the divorce

20 Other Requirement Extradition – a fugitive from justice who flees a state must be returned to the state where he committed the crime This prevents criminals from being able to escape consequences of their actions

21 Privileges and Immunities Clause
States cannot draw distinctions between their residents and citizens from other states

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