Presentation on theme: "11 Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact, 500–1500"— Presentation transcript:
1 11 Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact, 500–1500 QUIT11CHAPTERByzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact, 500–1500Chapter OverviewTime LineMAPSECTION1Byzantium Becomes the New RomeSECTION2Russians Adapt Byzantine CultureGRAPHSECTION3Turkish Empires Rise in AnatoliaVisual Summary
2 11 Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact, 500–1500 HOME11CHAPTERByzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact, 500–1500Chapter OverviewThe Roman Empire splits in two and the Byzantine Empire develops in the East. Through trade, Byzantine ideas influence the culture and religion of Russia. Turks adopt Islam and set up an empire in Persia and the eastern flank of Byzantium. Christians and Muslims battle during the Crusades. Mongol invaders bring down the Turks.
3 11 Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact, 500–1500 HOME Time Line CHAPTERByzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact, 500–1500Time Line850s Byzantine culture spreads to Russia.1240 Kiev destroyed by Mongols.5001500527 Justinian becomes ruler of Byzantine Empire.1054 Christianity splits into Roman Catholic and Orthodox branches.1480 Ivan III ends Mongol control of Russia.
4 Byzantium Becomes the New Rome Key Idea 1 HOME1Byzantium Becomesthe New RomeMAPKey IdeaThe Byzantine Empire, or new Rome, develops in the eastern provinces of the Roman Empire. The emperor of the new Rome builds up eastern culture. The Church splits into the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches.OverviewAssessment
5 Byzantium Becomes the New Rome Overview 1 • Justinian Code HOME1Byzantium Becomesthe New RomeMAPTERMS & NAMESOverview• Justinian Code• Hagia Sophia• patriarch• icon• iconoclast• excommunication• schism• Cyrillic alphabetMAIN IDEAWHY IT MATTERS NOWConstantinople ruled an eastern empire that survived for over a thousand years.Byzantine culture deeply influenced Orthodox Christianity, a major branch of modern Christianity.Assessment
6 Byzantium Becomes the New Rome 1 1 HOME1Byzantium Becomesthe New RomeMAPSection1Assessment1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List Justinian’s accomplishments as emperor of the New Rome.JustinianConquered most of Italyand parts of SpainRebuilt Constantinople’sfortificationsBuilt aqueducts, courts,schools, hospitalsRebuilt the Hagia SophiaEstablished Justinian CodeEncouraged trade, educationEnlarged his palacecontinued . . .
7 Byzantium Becomes the New Rome 1 1 HOME1Byzantium Becomesthe New RomeMAPSection1Assessment2. Why do you think Justinian decided in the late 520s that it was the right time to reform Roman law?THINK ABOUT• the situation of the empire• the role of laws in societies• the state of Roman laws before reformANSWERPossible Responses:• The Byzantine Empire had a separate government and character from that of the West. It needed its own organized system of laws to regulate life in this new era.• Roman law was disorganized and contradictory and so needed reform.continued . . .
8 Byzantium Becomes the New Rome 1 1 HOME1Byzantium Becomesthe New RomeMAPSection1Assessment3. Do you think the differences between the Eastern and Western churches could have been reconciled before the Church split? Why?ANSWERPossible Responses:Yes—Both sides could have united over the icon issue.No—Differences in beliefs about divorce and marriage for priests might have been too deep for compromise.End of Section 1
9 Russians Adapt Byzantine Culture Key Idea 2 HOME2Russians AdaptByzantine CultureKey IdeaRussian culture develops from a blending of Slavic and Viking peoples. Through trade, Greek Byzantine culture influences Russian culture. Before the Mongol invasions, Kiev is the center of Russian culture. Eventually, Moscow becomes the dominant cultural center.OverviewAssessment
10 Russians Adapt Byzantine Culture Overview 2 • Slavs • boyars • Olga HOME2Russians AdaptByzantine CultureTERMS & NAMESOverview• Slavs• boyars• Olga• Vladimir• Yaroslav the Wise• Alexander Nevsky• czarMAIN IDEAWHY IT MATTERS NOWRussia grew out of a blending of Slavic and Byzantine cultures with Eastern Orthodox traditions.The early history of Russia separated it from the West, causing mutual misunder-standings that still exist today.Assessment
11 Russians Adapt Byzantine Culture 2 2 HOME2Russians AdaptByzantine CultureSection2Assessment1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts.Explain the effects of Mongol rule in Russia.NoblesChurchPeopleMoscow PrincesCollected tribute;put down revoltsTolerated byMongols; actedas link betweenMongols andRussiansPaid high taxes;developed adevotion to iconsBecame taxcollectors forMongols; gainedcontrol of smallstates aroundMoscowcontinued . . .
12 Russians Adapt Byzantine Culture 2 2 HOME2Russians AdaptByzantine CultureSection2Assessment2. How did Vladimir’s conversion to Christianity affect the citizens, society, and government of Kiev? THINK ABOUT• the laws he passed• the customs he encouraged• the policies he followedANSWERPossible Responses:• Vladimir’s subjects were required to convert to Christianity.• Byzantine teachers taught religion to the Kievans.• The prince became head of the Church in Kiev.continued . . .
13 Russians Adapt Byzantine Culture 2 2 HOME2Russians AdaptByzantine CultureSection2Assessment3. The Mongols were fierce conquerors, and their rule cut Russia off from the rest of the world. Even so, their policies helped to pull Russia together as a territory. How? THINK ABOUT• Mongol policies in Russia• the Church’s attitude toward the Mongols• the role and power of the nobilityANSWERPossible Responses:• Independent principalities were unified.• Russian religion and culture were preserved.• The Church sanctioned Mongol rule, thus giving its approval to the new unified territory.• The nobility retained some authority.End of Section 2
14 Turkish Empires Rise in Anatolia Key Idea 3 HOME3Turkish Empires Risein AnatoliaGRAPHKey IdeaNomadic Turks known as Seljuks capture Baghdad from the Persians. The Turks and Persians form a strong bond because of the Turks’ support of Persian culture. A lack of leadership, the Crusades, and Mongol invasions bring an end to the Seljuk Empire.OverviewAssessment
15 Turkish Empires Rise in Anatolia Overview 3 • mamelukes • Seljuks HOME3Turkish Empires Risein AnatoliaGRAPHTERMS & NAMESOverview• mamelukes• Seljuks• vizier• Malik ShahMAIN IDEAWHY IT MATTERS NOWTurkish people converted to Islam and founded new empires that would renew Muslim civilization.In the 20th century, the collapse of the Turkish empire left ethnic and religious hostilities that still affect the world.Assessment
16 Turkish Empires Rise in Anatolia 3 3 HOME3Turkish Empires Risein AnatoliaGRAPHSection3Assessment1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List several events in the last 200 years of the Abassid Empire.756Spainbreaksaway.788Moroccobreaksaway.800Tunisiabreaksaway.809Parts ofPersiaare lost.868Abbasidslose controlof Egypt.945Baghdadfalls toPersians.continued . . .
17 Turkish Empires Rise in Anatolia 3 3 HOME3Turkish Empires Risein AnatoliaGRAPHSection3Assessment2. In what ways would it be accurate to say that the Persians actually won over their Turkish conquerors?THINK ABOUT• religion• culture• political influenceANSWERPossible Responses:• The Turks looked to the Persians for religious and cultural guidance.• The Turks adopted the language and customs of the Persians.• Persians held powerful offices in the Turkish government.continued . . .
18 Turkish Empires Rise in Anatolia 3 3 HOME3Turkish Empires Risein AnatoliaGRAPHSection3Assessment3. Between Abbasid and Mongol rule, Baghdad was occupied and governed by four different powers—Abbasids, Persians, Seljuks, and Mongols. Summarize important events and features of those occupations.ANSWERPossible Responses:Abbasids—Made Baghdad their capital; mamelukes gained power over Abbasid caliphs.Persians—Captured Baghdad in 945; caliph lost political power to the sultan.Seljuks—Captured Baghdad in 1055; supported Persian cultureMongols—Occupied Baghdad in 1258; burned down the caliph’s palace and executed the last caliphEnd of Section 3