Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 12: ON-THE- FIELD ACUTE CARE & EMERGENCY PROCEDURES"— Presentation transcript:
1 CHAPTER 12: ON-THE- FIELD ACUTE CARE & EMERGENCY PROCEDURES TEST REVIEW
2 You will be given the answer. You must give the correct question. JeopardyChoose a category.You will be given the answer.You must give the correct question.Click to begin.
3 Click here for Final Jeopardy Choose a point value.Choose a point value.Click here for Final Jeopardy
4 10 Point 10 Point 10 Point 10 Point 10 Point 10 Point 20 Points CPRPRIMARY/SHOCKTREATMENTTRANSPORTPRIMARYT/FTREATMENTSECONDARYT/FMISC.10 Point10 Point10 Point10 Point10 Point10 Point20 Points20 Points20 Points20 Points20 Points20 Points30 Points30 Points30 Points30 Points30 Points30 Points40 Points40 Points40 Points40 Points40 Points40 Points50 Points50 Points50 Points50 Points50 Points50 Points
5 How far must the sternum be depressed in an adult to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) effectively?A. 1/2 to 1 inchB. 1 to 1 1/2 inchesC. 1 1/2 to 2 inchesD. 2 to 2 1/2 inches
6 When performing chest compressions on an adult, where does the rescuer place the heel of the hand? A. Four fingers inferior to the xiphoid processB. On the xiphoid processC. On the center of the sternumD. On the sternum between the nipples
7 When carrying out cardiopulmonary resuscitation, the first step to ensure the athlete’s airway is open is to:A. Strike the athlete sharply on the back between the shouldersB. Properly position the athlete’s chinC. Listen to the chest with a stethoscope for breathing soundsD. None of the above
8 When using an AED, where are the pads placed on the chest? A. Left apex and right base of the chestB. Right apex and left base of the chestC. Left side, one on each side of the heartD. Over the sternum and left base of the chest
9 When doing chest compressions, the rate of compression should be: A compressions per minuteB compressions per minuteC. 60 compressions per minuteD. As fast as you can
10 Which of these is not a symptom of shock? A. Patient has a very slow pulseB. Athlete may appear sluggish or exceptionally drowsyC. Respirations are shallow and rapidD. Pulse is very weak and hard to discern
11 The first step to establish unresponsiveness of an athlete is: A. Determine whether he/she is breathing normallyB. Roll back the upper eyelid and check for pupil dilationC. Gently tap his/her shoulder and ask, “Are you OK?”D. Check the carotid pulse
12 Common airway obstructions in athletes may be because of: A. Mouth guardsB. Dislodged dental workC. Gum and chewing tobaccoD. All the above
13 The type of shock that results from trauma in which there is blood loss is called: A. Anaphylactic shockB. Hypovolemic shockC. Metabolic shockD. Cardiogenic shock
14 The pressure point most commonly used in the upper body to control external bleeding is the: A. Radial arteryB. Brachial arteryC. Ulnar arteryD. Carotid artery
15 In transporting an athlete with a suspected spinal or pelvic injury: A. Carry the athlete with the help of three assistants, one supporting each leg and the third supporting the trunk as you support the head and neckB. Use ambulatory aidC. Use manual conveyanceD. Use a spine board and move under medical direction
16 After a quick on-site injury inspection and evaluation, the athletic trainer must make what decision?A. Seriousness of the injury and type of first aid necessaryB. Need for immediate referral to a physician for further careC. Manner of transportation from the injury siteD. All of the above
17 Which type of assistance is given to an athlete that is able to walk after an injury? A. Manual ConveyanceB. Two-Man CarryC. Ambulatory AidD. Scoop Assist
18 When an athlete is being placed on a spine board, which of the following personnel is in control? A. The physicianB. The head athletic trainerC. The person stabilizing the victim’s headD. The EMT who arrives on the scene
19 BonusWhich of the following ice treatments should not be directly applied to the skin of an individual?A. Ice towelsB. Ice packsC. Ice cupsD. Frozen gel packs
20 In a suspected neck fracture, open the airway by using a modified jaw thrust, keeping the victim’s head in a fixed neutral position.
21 One performs the Heimlich maneuver for a conscious person by placing the thumb side of the grasped fist immediately below the xiphoid process of the victim’s sternum.
22 For an athlete who has become unconscious and has an airway obstruction, you want to straddle the victim and push into his/her chest five times.
23 Shock occurs when there is a diminished amount of blood available to the circulatory system.
24 BONUSIn treating for shock, one should always elevate the feet 12 to 16 inches from the floor.
25 Lower-arm and wrist fractures should be splinted in a position of elbow flexion.
26 Brain injury, alcohol or drug poisoning is indicated by one or both pupils failing to accommodate to light.
27 A horseshoe pad may be placed around the malleolus in combination with an elastic wrap and tape to prevent or reduce ankle edema.
28 The inability to move a body part can indicate a serious central nervous system injury that has involved the motor system.
29 During RICE, one should ice for approxiamate 20 minutes every 1- 1 ½ hours.
30 When fitting an athlete with crutches it is necessary to place the arm pads snug into the axilla for proper stabilization while walking.
31 If an injured athlete in a pool requires CPR, immediately start rescue breathing prior to removing them from the pool.
32 When using a cane to assist an injured athlete with ambulation, the cane should be used on the same side as the injured limb.
33 A red skin color on a light-colored individual may indicate: A. Insufficient circulation, shock, or frightB. Heatstroke, high blood pressure, or carbon monoxide poisoningC. Hemorrhage, heat exhaustion, or insulin shockD. Cyanosis in the lips and fingernails or airway obstruction
34 In an effort to accurately assess the extent of a musculoskeletal injury, it is vitally important to know:A. The athlete’s medical historyB. The conditions of the playing fieldC. The mechanism of the injuryD. Pre-existing congenital conditions