Presentation on theme: "Reasons for Monitoring and Evaluation at the Project Level"— Presentation transcript:
1 Project Design and Implementation: Developing a Useful Monitoring and Evaluation Plan
2 Reasons for Monitoring and Evaluation at the Project Level To help ensure the project achieves expected environmental benefitsCan be useful for guiding project progressAssure monies properly spentBring insights to project manager to build his/her capacity for better project implementation
3 What constitutes project success? Training complete,Strategy and Action Plan DevelopedNew Methodology produced,Publications produced,Network Established,PROJECT SUCCESS?but …… Success to whom?Of what environmental value?economic and political realities
4 Monitoring Project Performance Examples of Performance Indicators- quantitative + qualitative -Performance must show actual environmental benefit measured by hectares conserved, quantified greenhouse gas emission reductions, etc.Other Performance indicators could include performance in relation to relevanceRelevance of outputs to stakeholders/usersRelevance of work to national developmentUtility of output in achieving environmental change on the ground
5 Developing a M&E Plan How does an M&E plan get developed? Performance indicator should be developed with stakeholders/clientsMonitoring indicator achievement – how?:analysis of views of stakeholders who should/could be using project’s outputs, through interviews with informants, through surveys…..Normally monitoring stays within a closed system yet outputs are relevant to a wider audience..…….
6 COMMON WEAKNESSES IN M&E PLANS NO MONITORING OF INDICATORS OF ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE, INSTITUTIONAL CHANGE, UTILITY OF OUPUTS, UTILITY OF CAPACITY GAINED,…..;NO ASSIGNMENT OF ACCOUNTABILITIES & RESPONSIBILITIES;NO POST-PROJECT MONITORING
7 Monitoring and Evaluation Project Plan M&E Plan, covering monitoring and evaluation at three levels:execution performance,output delivery,project impact.
8 Monitoring and Evaluation Plan Execution Performance:Management and Supervision of projectResponsibility of project management unitSupervision by the Steering CommitteeResponsibility of project manager
9 Monitoring and Evaluation Plan Output deliveryTiming of outputs e.g. publications, etcQuantityQuality: Peer review processDistributionResponsibilities
10 Monitoring and Evaluation Plan Project ImpactMeasuring outcomesLog frame:IndicatorsHow to measure indicatorsTarget values for each yearSource of data : baseline + currentResponsibilities for measurement – who does it?Process Indicators – peer reviewed assessment;Stress Reduction Indicators – priorities to replicatebest practice identified; Legal framework established;Environmental Status Indicators - actual measurableenvironmental change; activities to replicate methodologyOr best practices under implementation.
11 Impact indicatorsPressure-state-effect-response (causal chain) what measures are taken in which part of the chain?
12 Issues related to project impact monitoring Monitoring system to be included in the project - is it budgeted for?Baseline setting - who pays and how?Target setting - how?Capacity building impacts - what indicators and how to measure?