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Entity Beans BMP Celsina Bignoli

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Presentation on theme: "Entity Beans BMP Celsina Bignoli"— Presentation transcript:

1 Entity Beans BMP Celsina Bignoli

2 Entity Beans Represent persistent objects saved to permanent storage –bank account, employee data, etc… lifetime is completely independent from the user session have an identity, used to pass references between applications and share entities with other clients

3 Entity Beans (2) advantages –compact representation –can associate methods –can use implicit middleware services from an application server –can be cached for performance

4 Persistence Object-relational mapping –save an object to a relational database table –use JDBC to map the object data into a relational database –read data from the database and load it into the fields of a object instance –more sophisticated than Java serialization –can take advantage of SQL query capabilities –mapping can be handcrafted or facilitated using a object-relational mapping tool like Oracle TopLink or Hibernate

5 Entity Bean Features survive failures –they are just representation of data in a fault-tolerant storage –have a lifetime much longer than a client session they are a view into a database –they should not be seen as a separate version of the data in the database –the EJB container maintains the in memory data and the data in the database in sync using the ejbLoad() and ejbStore() methods implemented by the entity bean class

6 Entity Bean Features(2) multiple instances represent same data –one instance servicing multiple requests would require multi-threading but this would lead to complex, error- prone implementations –one instance servicing one request at a time would create bottlenecks –several in-cache instances represent same underlying database data must solve possible data corruption –container must synchronize instances periodically using ejbLoad() and ejbStore() methods –the frequency of the synchronization is dictated by transactions

7 Entity Bean Features(3) instances can be pooled –entity bean objects are recyclable –the container may pool and reuse instances to represent different entries in the underlying data storage –more efficient –must acquire and release resources no longer in use using ejbActivate() and ejbPassivate() methods –ejbPassivate entails a state save (ejbSave()) –ejbActivate entails a state load (ejbLoad())

8 How to Persist Entity Beans bean-managed persistence –developer must write code to load, save and find data from data storage –must use persistence API such as JDBC container-managed persistence –strip the bean from any persistence logic –inform the container how you’d like the data to be persisted using container tools –container generates automatically the persistence code

9 Creating an Entity Bean Entity Bean Instance Home Object EJB Object Client Code Database 3: create database data 2:ejbCreate() 4:return Primary Key 1: create() 5: create EJB object 6: return EJB object EJB Container

10 Destroying an Entity Bean Entity Bean Instance Home Object EJB Object Client Code Database 3: remove database data 2:ejbRemove() EJB Container 2:ejbRemove() 1: remove()

11 Finding Entity Beans since entity beans are persisted to data storage they can be found (unlike session beans, which only live for the duration of a client session) home interface exposes finder methods to find entity beans session beans do not have finder methods

12 Bean-managed Persistent (BMP) Entity Beans developer must write code to map the entity bean to and from storage Can use: – a database API such as JDBC –a object/relation mapping framework (TopLink or Hibernate) –usually, preferred to Container-managed persistent (CMP) entity beans ONLY when performance is an issue

13 BMP Entity Bean – Coding Basics must implement the javax.ejb.EntityBean interface javax.ejb.EntityBean void setEntityContext(javax.ejb.EntityContext) void unsetEntityContext() void ejbRemove() void ejbActivate() void ejbPassivate() void ejbLoad() void ejbStore() javax.ejbEnterpriseBean

14 BMP Entity Bean – Coding Basics (2) must define finder methods ejbFind () in the local and remote home interfaces must implement finder methods in the bean implementation to find an existing entity bean in storage Must define at least one finder method ejbFindByPrimaryKey()

15 Entity Bean Files remote/local interface the enterprise bean class –maps to an entity in a database (table). An instance maps to a row in a table –exposes callback methods used by the container to manage the bean –exposes methods to update fields primary key class –uniquely identifies each bean –must be serializable deployment descriptor

16 BMP Life cycle does not exist pooled ready 1: newInstance() 2: setEntityContext() 1: unsetEntityContext() 2: JVM will garbage collect and call finalize() ejbHome()ejbFind() ejbLoad()ejbStore() 1: ejbActivate() 2: ejbLoad() 1: ejbStore() 2: ejbPassivate() Business Method 1: ejbCreate() 2: ejbPostCreate() ejbRemove()

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