Presentation on theme: "Roman Empire and Roman Peace. Do Now (U4D8) 12/9/2013 Write your Answer on an index card Question: Why did Roman Senators conspire and kill Julius Caesar?"— Presentation transcript:
Mark Antony and Cleopatra Antony met Queen Cleopatra in 41 BC Began having an affair Antony’s wife, Fulvia, was jealous Began a civil war with Octavian Fulvia dies of illness in 40 BC Antony and Octavian reconcile Antony marries Octavian’s sister to demonstrate their friendship
Antony and Octavian Friendship is destroyed in 32 BCE Antony has lived in Egypt with Cleopatra Fathers children with Cleopatra Octavian turns public opinion against him
Pivotal Question 2 How did Octavian turn public opinion against Mark Antony?
Octavian becomes Augustus Senate gave Octavian the title of Augustus, or exalted one Careful not to use the word—king Romans hated “kings” since Etruscan times Octavian exercised absolute power Augustus ruled as emperor from 31 BCE to 14 CE
A Stable Government Under Augustus Left the Senate in place Created a civil service open to all citizens Cemented the allegiance of cities and provinces to Rome by allowing them a large measure of self government Augustus order a census, or population count Set up a postal service and issued new coins to make trade easier
What are the achievements of other Roman Emperors during the Pax Romana?
What is the Pax Romana Pax Romana: Means Roman Peace Aa state of comparative tranquility throughout the Mediterranean world from the reign of Augustus (27 BCE–14 CE) to that of Marcus Aurelius (CE 161–180). The empire protected and governed individual provinces, permitting each to make and administer its own laws while accepting Roman taxation and military control.