3 Italian/Petrarchan Sonnet This sonnet type is named after the Italian poet, Francesco Petrarch.Many of his sonnets are about unrequited love, a common topic for sonnets that follow this form.
4 Italian/Petrarchan Sonnet 14 linesIambic pentameterOrganized into two parts:octave (8) and sestet (6)Rhyme scheme is abba abba cde cdeOctave: presents a problem or situationSestet: problem is resolved or intensifiedTurn (volta) is usually at line 9A volta is a shift in focus or thought(the switch from problem to resolution)
5 English/Shakespearean Sonnet Shakespeare was the master of this sonnet form.The English form allows for a more detailed development of the question or problem with a quick summary and solution attached to the end.
6 English/Shakespearean Sonnet 14 linesIambic pentameterOrganized into three quatrains (4 lines) and a couplet (2 lines)Rhyme scheme is abab cdcd efef ggVolta (turn) is usually at line 9 or 13
7 Spenserian Sonnet Created by Edmund Spenser Similar to Shakespeare’s versionInterlocking rhyme scheme is the only differenceFinal couplet is used to make a key point or comment
8 Spenserian Sonnet 14 lines Iambic pentameter Organized into three quatrains (4 lines) and a couplet (2 lines)Rhyme scheme is abab bcbc cdcd ee**Notice how the rhyme is interlocking**