Presentation on theme: "The Role of Infrastructure in Development Cooperation a Norad Perspective Bergen 14 June 2005 Morten Svelle, Director Department for Environment and Private."— Presentation transcript:
The Role of Infrastructure in Development Cooperation a Norad Perspective Bergen 14 June 2005 Morten Svelle, Director Department for Environment and Private Sector Development Norad
In Wealth of Nations, Adam Smith wrote that government should: Construct public works when these works are "of such a nature, that the profit could never repay the expense of any individual or small number of individuals, and which it therefore cannot be expected that any individual or small number of individuals should erect or maintain."
Norwegian historical experience From a very poor nation to one of the worlds richest nations with a distribution of wealth that benefits the whole population A long term perspective management of natural resources. Infrastructure development: roads, railways, energy, sea transport, water has played a major role for Norways economic development. Early investments in infrastructure had a long term perspective based on political decisions. The development of the power sector, today a fully commercial sector, would not have been possible without public ownership.
Some Policy Principles in Norwegian development assistance Poverty focus, 40% LDC Focus on Sub-Saharan Africa Priority sectors as of today: Education Hiv/Aids Private Sector Development and Trade Sustainable Development Good Governance Harmonisation, alignment, concentration (Paris declaration) MDG More emphasis on infrastructure (?)
Africa’s Infrastructural Gap Power - Less than 10% have access Water - Less than 50% have access to clean water Transport - Less than 17% of roads are paved Telecommunications - One telephone line per 100 people Ports – new regulations – trade hindrance For every 1% growth in power generation GDP grows 2-3% Transport costs up to three times higher in Africa than in Asia – landlocked countries - special challenges
Challenges in addressing the gaps in Africa Regional conflicts Poverty Institutional challenges – Lack of institutional capacity – Lack of appropriate legislation and regulatory frameworks – Un-appropriate financial systems and markets – Lack of integrated economic policies Inadequate planning and decision making processes (bureaucracy, lack of transparency)
Poverty reduction, Millennium dev. goals Social sectors, Education & health Industry, tourism, agriculture Private Sector Development Infrastructure Economic Growth Employment generation
Renewable energy on development agenda From the Norwegian Development Policy (St.meld. 35 2003 – 2004) It is a important goal to increase the use of renewable energy as hydropower, wind, bio energy, solar energy and wave energy –new and climate friendly technology –development of renewable energy resources with acceptable costs It is a goal to work in a international context to increase the use of renewable energy Important to extend services for energy to the people in the poorest regions Emphasise on the recipient oriented cooperation within the energy sector
MoF and Norad instruments Technical Assistance –Institutional development - Twinning cooperation –Capacity building –Education and Training –Feasibility studies –Procurement Investments –Energy (power, transmission, renewable energy) –Water and sanitation –Transport (road, rail, maritime)
Participation in International Initiatives/Processes EITI Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative Gas Flaring Initiative Development of Maritime Transport in Mekong River Nile Basin Initiative Formalisation of property rigths Power trade SAPP –Nordpool
Power Trade SAPP - Nordpool Twinning arrangement Same framework: One region of several countries Electricity legislation at national levels National regulators Different levels of market opening between the countries Will be two of the few regional electricity markets in the world Nord Pool SAPP
Norwegian Competence on Infrastructure Hydro power generation and network Sector restructuring and regulation Water management and hydro master plans Power Trade Maritime transport and technology, education, maritime safety and environmental safeguards Resource management and offshore technology, safety and environment Road and transport, planning, technology (bridges, tunnelling)
The Norwegian Competence base on Energy (1): * Norwegian authorities in energy sector: - NVE - the Norwegian Power Regulator - Norwegian Competition Authorities - Ministry of Petroleum and Energy * State owned companies: -Statkraft - generation of 1/3 of Norwegian production -Statnett - the Norwegian Transmission Company (both companies are involved in developing countries) * SN Power Invest - Norwegian Company with focus on hydro power investments in developing countries. Owned by Statkraft and Norfund
The Norwegian Competence base on Energy (2): ICH International Centre for Hydropower - hydropower training programs Nordpool exchange (Consultancy services) Norwegian consultant companies with extensive experience in: - Hydropower -Water management -Restructuring and regulation -Power trade Power Task Force (Norad) Renewable energy policy work