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Presentation on theme: "THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S CHILDREN 2009"— Presentation transcript:

Maternal and Newborn Health

2 Maternal mortality ratio per 100,000 births
Uttar Pradesh 517 India: 301 Kerala 110 per 100,000 live births Less than equal to 150 More than 300 Missing Data Source: SRS

3 Medical causes of maternal deaths in India
Other Conditions 34% Haemorrhage 38% Abortion 8% Sepsis 11% Obstructed Labour 5% Hypertensive Disorders 5% Medical causes of maternal deaths in India Source: SRS

4 Age at marriage Percentage of women aged married before age 18 Early marriage leads to early childbearing thereby enhancing maternal health risks Source: NFHS

5 Nutrition among women Percentage of ever-married women age with any anaemia and Body Mass Index (BMI) below 18.5 kg/m2 High percentage of women with anaemia and low BMI results in higher risk of low birth weight and peri-natal deaths Source: NFHS

6 Antenatal care Percentage of ever-married women age years having at least one ante-natal care There has been a significant increase in ante-natal care in the last 7 years. Further increases are seen in the latest DLHS results Source: NFHS

7 Deliveries at institutions / by skilled birth attendants
Institutional births have shown significant improvement in the DLHS results Source: NFHS

8 Birth spacing Average (Median) number of months since preceding birth Intervals between 2 consecutive births in India have remained low, adversely affecting mothers’ health and children’s chances of survival Source:

9 Post natal care for mothers
Percentage of women having at least one postnatal care within two days of delivery Only 37% of women received postnatal check-ups within the recommended period of two days of delivery Source: NFHS

10 Share of under-five mortality in India
Infant deaths within 7 days of birth 40% Neonatal deaths 50% Infant deaths 76% Infant deaths between 7 days of birth and within 28 days 10% Infant deaths between 28 days and within one year of birth 26% Child deaths between one year and within five years of birth 24% Source : SRS 2007

11 Medical Causes of Neonatal Deaths
Diarrhoea Asphyxia Preterm Tetanus Other Congenital Infection Source: Lawn JE Cousen SN for CHERG (Nov 2006)

12 Birth weight Percentage of children with reported birth weight less than 2.5 kg Based on reported birth weight data: 30% in NFHS 2 and 34% in NFHS 3 Every year at least six million children in India are born with low birth weight which gives them a disadvantaged start in life Source: NFHS

13 Initiation of breastfeeding within an hour
Percentage of children born in the last three years who started breastfeeding within one hour of birth Only one in four children in India are breastfed within 1 hour of birth Source: NFHS

14 Proposed action framework
Central premise “.. Essential services for mothers, newborns and children are most effective when delivered in an integrated package at critical points in life cycle, in a dynamic health system, in an environment supportive of women’s rights”

15 Continuum of care Critical points for service delivery: Adolescence, Pre-pregnancy, Pregnancy, Birth, Post-partum, Neonatal, Infancy, Childhood Essential Services: Basic health care, quality maternal-newborn care, adequate nutrition

16 Continuum of care Key delivery modes: Household & Community, outreach, health facilities Supportive environment: Quality education, women’s status, age at marriage and childbirth

17 Key actions Create a supportive environment by promoting gender equality Enhance girl’s education Increase age at marriage & childbirth

18 Key actions Ensure continuum of care across time and locations
Improve quality of reproductive health services Enhance nutrition of adolescent girls Ensure adequacy of antenatal care Ensure skilled assistance during pregnancy & childbirth Provide access to quality Basic and Comprehensive Emergency Obstetric & Newborn care when required Expand post-natal care for mothers & newborns Promote safe water & hygiene practices at households and in facilities Initiation of breastfeeding within one hour of birth

19 What will make it happen
Building synergy and partnerships Generating and sustaining strong political leadership for health of women and children Mobilizing resources for maternal and newborn health Empowering families and communities for promoting health and accessing healthcare


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