4 Change in Attitude Towards Colonies Charles II became King in 1660, passed Navigation ActsImport or export goods only to and from Great Britain; all goods had to be transported on English shipsPurpose: create a self-sufficient empire supporting England
6 Government SetupRights of English Citizens: right to be tried by jury, right to petition the gov.t, right to live under laws approved by legislature (Parliament)House of Burgesses: 1st elected law-making body in the Americas (Virginia)
7 Government Setup King Parliament (lawmaking) Each colony had its own elected Assembly, and it shared power w/ governor (appointed by crown)Governor had power to veto laws passed, dissolve the assemblyAssembly controlled governor by withholding payAssembly used to running own gov.t; royal instructions are looked at as only guidelinesKingParliament (lawmaking)GovernorEach colonies’ AssemblyTown Assemblies
9 French and Indian War (7 Years War) Why it started: Fight over the Ohio River Valley between the British and the French (1753)Washington and Virginia militiamen hastily built Fort Necessity, but lost in the engaged battle to the French from Fort DuquesneBritish also lost Native American support in areaFirst shots fired in the French and Indian War that will spread throughout Europe, West Indies, Africa and Asia
12 End of Conflict Treaty of Paris (1763): France had to give up claims to both Canada and Mississippi River ValleyBritain took over Canada, part of Louisiana lands east of Mississippi RiverSpain gained all of Louisiana lands west of Mississippi RiverGreat Britain became most powerful nation
13 Struggle with Native Americans Pontiac’s Rebellion: (1763) Native Americans attacked British fort of Detroit; British worried about future attacksProclamation of 1763: set aside Ohio River Valley as an Indian Reservation; colonists couldn’t cross crest of Appalachian MountainsAngered the colonists; felt betrayed because they felt they were promised if helped fight against the French, they would be allowed to expand
15 Increasing TensionsBritish planned to send 10,000 troops to enforce Proclamation of 1763; problem was how to support themBritain - has huge debt problems; raised taxes in Britain, but not enoughKing George III wanted colonists to pay for portion of war, but knew the assemblies would never vote to help; colonists nervous about plans for British troopsFOUNDATION FOR FUTURE TROUBLE!