Presentation on theme: "The student will compare and contrast various forms of government."— Presentation transcript:
1 The student will compare and contrast various forms of government. SS7CG1The student will compare and contrast various forms of government.
2 FIRST FIVEAgenda Message: Before-school tutoring is tomorrow starting at 7:30a. Social Studies Progress Reports go home TOMORROW!Standard: Compare and contrast various forms of government. Describe the ways government systems distribute power.E.Q. for Monday, September 29, 2014: When discussing government structure what two questions must be answered?Warm Up: What is most significant about the religion of Judaism?Today We Will:CDA-1 Make-UpsStart Government Worksheets
3 Government Structure E.Q. Answer for Monday September 29th: How does the government distribute power between the Central government & Local governments? andHow do the citizens participate in government decision making?Warm-Up Answer:Judaism was the world’s first monotheistic religion.
4 Describe the ways government systems distribute power: unitary, confederation, and federal.
5 All the power to decide anything rests in a central government. Unitary GovernmentsAll the power to decide anything rests in a central government.A unitary government is what Britain was during the American Revolution; We were a nation united under control of one rule. There were no separate states creating their own laws or taxes, just the rule of the government over the entire population.Buckingham Palace, Great BritainA great majority of all the world’s nation-states are unitary government systems.
6 Confederation Governments A union by compact or treaty between states that creates a central government with limited powers.The states retain supreme authority over all matters except those few things delegated to the central government.The original 13 U.S. Colonies formed a Confederation.
7 Federal Governmentsa form of government in which sovereign power is divided (shared) between a central government and a number of states (local governments) so that each state retains some management of its internal affairs.If a service or responsibility is not listed in the constitution for the central government to do, then it is up to the states to provide it.Example: police, fire, hospitals, education, roads, voting, etc. are the responsibility of the states to fund and operate.
8 Review Unitary Confederation Federal Power rests in the central governmentAgreement amongStates/regions creates aLimited central governmentPower is dividedBetween the centralGovernment and theStates/regionsCentral government hasNo control over theStates/regions.Central government hasSome control over theStates/regions.
9 FIRST FIVEAgenda Message: Social Studies Progress Reports go home TODAY! Return reports signed for “100” Homework grade. The deadline for late work is October 7th.Standard: Compare & contrast various forms of government for their ability to distribute power & allow citizens to participate in decision making.E.Q. for Tuesday, September 30, 2014: What are the three government models that impact citizen participation?Warm-Up: List and briefly describe the three models for how governments distribute power?Today We Will:Complete overview of government systems/modelsIntroduction to governments of Israel, Iran, & Saudi Arabia
10 Government Structure E.Q. Answer for Tuesday, September 30th: Warm-Up: AutocraticOligarchicDemocraticWarm-Up:Unitary (All the decision making power is held by the central government)Confederation (local governments hold all the decision making power)Federal (Decision making power is shared between central and local governments)
11 Explain how governments determine citizen participation: autocratic, oligarchic, and democratic.
12 Autocratic Governments In an autocratic government, one person or group holds all the power, without the participation, or sometimes even the consent, of the people.I have compete control over everyone and everything!You will do exactly what I say!The word “autocracy,” the opposite of democracy, comes from the Greek words: “autos” meaning “self” and “kratos” meaning “power.”Absolute MonarchyMilitary Dictatorship
13 Oligarchic Governments a government in which control is exercised by a small group of individuals whose authority generally is based on wealth or power.The word oligarchy is from the Greek for "few" and "rule".
14 Democratic Governments A form of government in which the supreme power is retained by the people through their ability to vote for their leaders.When citizens directly participate in government by voting, it’s called democracy.The word “democracy” comes from two Greek words: “demos” meaning “people” and “kratos” meaning “power” or “authority.”The United States has had the same type of government for more than 200 years. It’s called a “representative democracy.” Among the nations of the world, it is unusual for a system of government to last so long.
15 usually based on wealth ReviewAutocracyOligarchyDemocracyOne person has allthe powerA small group of peoplehave all the authority,usually based on wealthor power.The people electrepresentatives whohave authority to makedecisions for them.The people haveno right to say whatthe government doesOnly a few peoplehave a right to saywhat the governmentdoesAll people have a rightto say what thegovernment does
16 FIRST FIVEAgenda Message: Late work must be turned in by October 7th deadline.Standard: Compare and contrast various forms of government. Describe the ways government systems .E.Q. Wednesday, October 1, 2014: What are the two forms of democratic governments?Warm Up: Name three governmental models that distribute power and provide a two-word description for each.Today We Will:Compare & contrast Presidential & Parliamentary democratic systems
17 Government Structure E.Q. for Wednesday, October 1, 2014: Parliamentary Democracy, andPresidential DemocracyWarm-Up Answer:Autocracy (One person)Oligarchy (Small group)Democracy (People vote)
18 Describe the two predominate forms of democratic governments: parliamentary and presidential.
19 Parliamentary Governments A political system in which the Parliament selects the prime minister according to party strength as expressed in elections to Parliament.The majority party controls the governmentQueen: Head of StateCabinet MembersPrime Minister: Head of GovernmentParliament
20 Presidential Governments A system of government where the executive branch exists separately from a legislature (and to which it is generally not accountable).I’m elected by the peopleWe’re elected by the peopleWe are appointed by the president with the approval of congress.The three branches of the U.S. government check and balance each other.