Presentation on theme: "The Mole and Chemical Composition"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Mole and Chemical Composition Chapter 7The Mole and Chemical Composition
2 Avogadro’s Number Mole 6.022x10 23 /mole Can be: ions, molecules, atoms, formula units
3 Examples: Converting Amount of Moles to Number particles Practice Page 2281. How many ions are there in mol of Na+ ions?0.187 mol Na+ (6.022*10^23 ions Na+/ 1 mol)= 1.13x10^23 ions Na+
4 Practice page 228 4. How many formula units are there in 5 Practice page How many formula units are there in 5.9 mol of NaOH?5.9 mol NaOH (6.022x10^23 formula units/1 mol)= 3.55X10^24 formula units NaOH
5 a. O atoms in 3.161X1021molecules of CO2 Page 229: Determine the number of moles of each specified atom or ion in the give samples of the following compounds.a. O atoms in 3.161X1021molecules of CO2
6 Molar Mass The mass in grams of one mole of substance Example page 231 practice2) 3.01X 1023 formula units of NaCl (molar mass of NaCl=58.44 g/mol)Na molar mass:Cl molar mass:
7 3) 3.990x1025 molecules of CH4 (molar mss of CH4=16.05 g/mol)
8 1. Find the number of atoms in 237 g Cu (molar mass of Cu= 65 1. Find the number of atoms in 237 g Cu (molar mass of Cu= g/mol)
9 Average atomic massWeighted average of masses of all naturally occurring isotopes of an elementExample page 236 practice 2Calculate the average atomic mass of oxygen. Its compositions is 99.76% of atoms with a mass of amu, 0.038% with a mass of amu, and 0.20% with a mass amu.
10 Chemical Formulas and mole composition Find the molar mass for the compoundB) CaHPO4
11 Write the formula and then find the molar mass F) tin (II) chloride
12 Percent CompositionThe Percentage by mass of each element in a compoundExample: H2O
13 Find the % composition of a compound which contains 16. 56g C, 26 Find the % composition of a compound which contains 16.56g C, 26.22g F, and 4.14 g H
14 Empirical FormulaLowest whole number ratio of elements in a compound.
15 Steps for determining an Empirical Formula Percent to massMass to molesDivide each mole value by the smallest number of moles calculatedMultiply (or round) till whole
16 Example: A chemical analysis of a liquid shows that there is 60 Example: A chemical analysis of a liquid shows that there is 60.0% C, 13.4% H, and 26.6% O by mass. Calculate the empirical formula of the substance.
17 Molecular FormulaWhole-number multiples of empirical formulas.
18 Calculate the molecular formula of the compound whose molar mass is 60 Calculate the molecular formula of the compound whose molar mass is 60.0 g/mol and empirical formula is CH4N
19 Determine the molecular formula for a compound for a compound that has a molar mass of 34g and is 94.1% oxygen and 5.9% hydrogen.