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Carbon Compounds 2b(i) Int 2 1234 567 89 10 111213 14 15 22 23242526 161718192021
Name the family of hydrocarbons which the following belong to ethane, hexane, propane Alkanes
Name the following hydrocarbons CH 4 C 3 H 8 C 7 H 16 methane propane heptane
Name the following hydrocarbons CH 3 CH 3 CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 CH 3 Ethane Butane
Name the following alkane 2,3,dimethylpentane C C C C C C C H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H
Draw a full structural formula for 2,2,dimethylbutane ? C C C C H C C H H H H H H H H H H H H H
State the general formula for the alkanes C n H 2n+2
What is meant by a homologous series? A group of compounds with the same general formula and similar chemical properties
State the general formula of the alkenes. C n H 2n
Name the first member of the alkene family and give its molecular formula? Ethene C 2 H 4
What type of bond is found between two carbon atoms in an alkene molecule? A carbon to carbon double bond C=C
Name the following hydrocarbon? Pent-2-ene C C C C C H H H H H H H H H H
Draw a structural formula for the following But-2-ene But-1-ene H C C C C H H H H H H H C C C C H H H H H H H H
State the general formula of the cycloalkanes? C n H 2n
Name the first member of the cycloalkane family. Cyclopropane C 3 H 6
Name the following hydrocarbon. cyclopentane C C C C C H H H H H H H H H H
Draw a structural formula for cyclopropane. C C C H H H H H H
What are isomers? Compounds with the same molecular formulae but different structural formulae.
Name an isomer of pent-1-ene which belongs to the same homologous series. Pent-2-ene
Name an isomer of pent-1-ene which belongs to a different homologous series. Cyclopentane
Which of the following would have an isomeric form? C 2 HCl 3 C 2 H 2 Cl 2 C 2 H 3 Cl C 2 H 2 Cl 2 1,1 dichloroethene or 1,2 dichloroethene
Name the two hydrocarbon families which are isomers of each other. Alkenes and cycloalkanes - both have the general formula C n H 2n
How can an alkanol be identified? From the name ending - ol and the hydroxyl group (OH)
Name the following compound. H C C C C H H H H H H OH H H Butan-2-ol
Draw structural formula for pentan-2-ol and pentan-3-ol. H C C C C H H H C H H OH H H H H H H C C C C H H H C H H H H H H H
How can an alkanoic acid be identified? By the ‘oic’ name ending and the carboxyl group COOH C OH O
Name the following compound H C C C C H H O OH H H H H BUTANOIC ACID
Carbon Compounds 2b(i) Int 2 123 4567 89 10 111213 14 15 22 23242526 161718192021
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