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Introduction to Computers Section 8A
home How the Internet Works Anyone with access to the Internet can exchange text, data files, and programs with any other user who also is connected to the Internet.
home TCP/IP TCP/IP is the set of rules--or protocols-- that every computer connected to the Internet uses to control the way data is formatted and transmitted
home Two Kinds of Internet Addresses Internet protocol address (IP address): four-part numeric address Domain name system (DNS) address: an address that uses words instead of numbers
home DNS Addresses Have Two Parts Host name Domain
home Internet Service Provider (ISP) Provides local access to the Internet backbone
home World Wide Web (the Web) Created in 1989, the Web is a type of service available to those using the Internet. Web and Internet are not synonymous.
home Web Tools Hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP) Hypertext markup language (HTML) Hypertext links (also called hyperlinks or just links) Web page
home Web Site A collection of related Web pages housed on a Web server
home Web Browser Software application that finds hypertext documents on the Web and opens them on the user’s computer. First Web browser, Mosaic, debuted in 1993.
home Today’s Most Popular Web Browsers Microsoft’s Internet Explorer Netscape Navigator
home Uniform Resource Locator (URL) A URL is a file’s location on the Web Access URLs with a Web browser
home Helper or Plug-in Applications Help Web browsers display multimedia content.
home Types of Content Displayed by Plug-ins Streaming audio Streaming video
home Flash by Macromedia Lets Web designers create high-quality animation or video, with audio, that plays directly within the browser window
home Popular E-mail Programs Eudora Microsoft Outlook Netscape Messenger
home Examples of Online Communication E-mail Listserv Newsgroup
home Telnet Internet tool for using one computer to access another
home File Transfer Protocol (FTP) Internet tool used to copy files from one computer to another
home Internet Relay Chat (IRC) A popular way for Internet users to communicate in real-time with other users
home Examples of Internet-Related Services Online Services Peer-to-Peer Services
home Web Content Tools Save As HTML Command Web Templates Wizards
Section 8A Internet Basics
home Review Questions What is the Internet? What is an ISP? What is the Web? Is the Web the same thing as the Internet?
What is the Internet? The Internet is a......distributed hypermedia network of networks.
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XP Browser and Basics1. XP Browser and Basics2 Learn about Web browser software and Web pages The Web is a collection of files that reside.
Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. McGraw-Hill Technology Education Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies,
Internet – Part II. What is the World Wide Web? The World Wide Web is a collection of host machines, which deliver documents, graphics and multi-media.
Topics in this presentation: The Web and how it works Difference between Web pages and web sites Web browsers and Web servers HTML purpose and structure.
Introduction 2: Internet, Intranet, and Extranet J394 – Perancangan Situs Web Program Sudi Manajemen Universitas Bina Nusantara.
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