Presentation on theme: "Importance of SCP in the SDGs UNEP discussion paper"— Presentation transcript:
1 Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) indicators for the future SDGs Importance of SCP in the SDGsUNEP discussion paperAligning SCP indicators with the SEEAElliott Harris, Director,New York Office, UNEP
2 Why SCP indicators? SCP importance in the SDGs On 19 July 2014, the OWG adopted an outcome document of the SDGs by acclamation.Proposed goal 12 “Ensure SCP patterns”, includes targets on SCP, notably, target 12.1 :“implement the 10YFP, all countries taking action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the development and capabilities of developing countries”.The 10YFP (Ten Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns) is a global capacity building mechanism for the shift to SCP.SCP is transformative, universal and central to the SDGs - reflected in at least 13 out of the 17 proposed goals.The Open Working Group outcome document has been adopted on 19 July by Acclamation.It is a member state process, and will be discussed in the course of the 69th session of the General Assembly.It is interesting to highlight that SCP is represented in two dimensions in the SDGS:in Goal 12 entitled « Ensure Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns » with notably a target on the 10YFP.In 11 other goals, where targets are closely related to Sustainable Consumption and Production.UNGA decided in September 2014 “that the proposal of the OWG on SDGs contained in the report shall be the main basis for integrating sustainable development goals into the post-2015 development agenda”.Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhereGoal 2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agricultureGoal 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all agesGoal 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote life-long learning opportunities for allGoal 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girlsGoal 6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for allGoal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for allGoal 8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for allGoal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovationGoal 10. Reduce inequality within and among countriesGoal 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainableGoal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patternsGoal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impactsGoal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable developmentGoal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity lossGoal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levelsGoal 17. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development
3 New UNEP PublicationPotential indicators for a sub-set of SCP- related targets in the proposed SDGs:set of indicators to monitor interface between economy, environment and societyfocusing on resource use, pollution and other environmental impacts from consumption and production activities affecting society + economyto translate goals and targets into tangible and measurable objectivesSTEP 1: ….
4 Methodology & Objectives Proposed indicators are:integrated, science-based set to monitor progress towards SCP patterns and contribution to the achievement of the SDGs.each responding to more than one SDG target, making the SDGs more transformative by building inter-linkages between themscreened through the following properties and objectives:Resource and critical thresholds/ carrying capacityResource DecouplingImpact DecouplingSocial BenefitsUniversalityLinkages to other targets
5 Proposed headline indicators DomainIndicatorsRelated targetsScale of resource useDomestic Material Consumption (DMC) – absolute and per-capita valuesMaterial footprint (MF) – absolute and per-capita valuesTarget 12.2Decoupling economic activity from resource use and environmental impactNational material efficiency –material productivity (GDP per unit of material use).Production side: Material use measured through Domestic Material Consumption (DMC)Consumption side: material use measured through Material footprint (MF)National energy efficiency – Energy productivity (GDP per unit of energy use).Targets 8.4, 12.2Targets 7.3, 8.4, 12.2ImpactsContaminants in air, water, and soil from industrial sources, agriculture, transport and wastewater and waste treatment plants.Number of persons killed or injured by a natural and technological disaster and economic losses in USD.Ocean health – Ocean Health IndexTargets 2.4, 3.9, 6.3, 12.4Targets 1.5, 3.9, 11.5, 12.4Targets 14.7, 12.bIndicators organized into six domains which can support a shift to SCP patterns. These domains are: (1) scale of resource use, (2) decoupling, (3) environmental impact, (4) technology and lifestyles, (5) financing and investing for SCP, and (6) policy support for SCP.
6 SCP and 10YFP relevance to the SDGs References and relevant documents:Report of 10th OWG on SDGs: “The 10YFP is the principal framework for international cooperation and will need to be adequately resourced”.SCP Indicators for the Future SDGs, UNEP, March 2015Towards integration at last? The sustainable development goals as a network of targets; DESA Working Paper 141, March 2015The Global Meeting of the 10YFP (New York, May 2015) emphasized the universal and transformative nature of SCP, in the context of the proposed SDGs, and….….recognized that the 10YFP is a key implementation mechanism for the Post-2015 Development AgendaSCP and post 2015 development agendaSCP is gaining important political support and relevance in inter-governmental discussions on the post 2015 Development agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).The High Level Panel of Eminent Persons on the post-2015 development agenda have reaffirmed that the adoption of SCP in a world of limited resources is an essential requirement for sustainable development. They also mentioned that “the MDGs fell short by not integrating the economic, social, and environmental aspects of sustainable development as envisaged in the Millennium Declaration, and by not addressing the need to promote sustainable patterns of consumption and production”.In this context, the 10YFP has provided inputs - through outreach sessions and papers - highlighting the potential contribution that a shift to SCP patterns could make to the future Sustainable Development Goals. A UNEP discussion paper on “SCP targets and indicators and the SDGs” was subsequently released in an advance copy in May and a final version in June 2014.Moreover, the 10YFP Board, with the support of the Secretariat, has prepared a brief document on “Potential contribution of the 10YFP programmes to the SDGs”, and the 10YFP Inter-Agency Coordination Group, has prepared a document on “SCP in the SDGs focus areas”. Both documents were released in June
7 Aligning SCP Indicators with the SEEA SCP indicators should be consistent with the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting (SEEA) so thatthe statistical underpinnings of SCP indicators are based on an integrated accounting approachSCP indicators are in line with international standards of best practice to promote quality and comparabilityAlignment to be undertaken under the auspices of the UN Committee of Experts on Environmental-Economic Accounting (UNCEEA) and the Secretariat of the 10YFPTo serve as an input to the work of the Inter-Agency and Expert Group on SDG indicators (IAEG SDG).The objective is to develop a set of indicators which shape and measure actions and policies which support the shift to SCP patterns reflected in many SDG targets, and which are also consistent with the understanding of economy-environment linkages embodied in the SEEA.SEEA:The SEEA Central Framework was adopted as an international statistical standard by the United Nations Statistical Commission at its 43rd session in March 2012.The SEEA Central Framework represents the first statistical standard for measuring the environment and its relationship with the economy, including the measurement of flows between the environment and the economy.The SEEA Experimental Ecosystem Accounting has been recognized as an important framework for measuring ecosystems condition, ecosystem services and ecosystem degradation with countries being encouraged to experiment with the framework.
8 Aligning SCP Indicators with the SEEA OBJECTIVESDevelop an implementation strategy for SCP indicators based on a systems approach:present in a language familiar to the SCP community the need for an information system which fits within the context of integrated statistical systems in countries.Highlight the need for capacity building on relevant policy applications of the SEEA as well as for data and indicator development required to guide the shift towards SCP patternsDefine suggested indicators according to the SEEA standard.in countries.
9 Thank you! Contacts: unep.org/10yfp www.scpclearinghouse.org SecretariatFollow us on @10YFP