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**What is density and how is it measured?**

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**Learning Objectives Students will define density.**

Students will explain how to find the density of a solid or a liquid.

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Key Term Density Volume Mass

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Density Which do you think is heavier, a kilogram of cotton or a kilogram of iron? They both weigh the same amount. However, a kilogram of cotton takes up a greater amount of space, or volume. A kilogram of iron takes up less space because iron has a much greater density than cotton does. Density is the mass per unit volume of a substance. Substances that are very heavy for their volume are called dense substances.

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**Units of Density What is density?**

What are the units for density?? Why are the units for density grams/mL or cm3? You can find the density of a substance by finding the mass of a unit volume of the substance. Units of density include units of mass and volume. Mass is measured in grams. The volume of solids is measured in cubic centimeters or mL Therefore, the density of any substance can be given in grams per cubic centimeter, or g/cm³. For example, water has a density of 1 g/cm³.

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**Using Density Density is a physical property of matter.**

Every kind of matter has a density that, can be measured. The density of a pure substance is always the same. Density does not depend on size or shape of the substance. Density can be used to help identify differ kinds of matter. If you know the density of a sample, you can identify it.

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**Finding Density Density = mass/volume Density = grams/mL**

To find the density of a material, you must measure both mass and volume. You can find density by dividing the mass by the volume. Remember that mass is measured in grams. Volume is measured in cubic centimeters or milliliters, so density is expressed in grams per cubic centimeter. Density = mass/volume Density = grams/mL

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Density of a Solid You can find the density of any solid if you know its mass and its volume. You I can use a balance to find the mass of a solid. You can, find the volume of a rectangular solid by multiplying its length by its width by its height by using a ruler To find the density of a solid, divide its mass by its volume.

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**An aluminum bar of volume 100 cm3 has a mass of 270 g.**

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**Calculation density = mass ÷ volume density = 270 g ÷ 100 cm³**

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**Checking Concepts Density is the ____ per unit volume of a substance.**

The units of _______ are grams per cubic centimeter. What measurements must be known in order to find the density of a substance?

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Answers Mass Density Mass and volume

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**Calculating Density What is the volume of the bar?**

10 cm 2 cm What is the volume of the bar? If the bar has a mass of 500 g, what is its density?

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Answers 400 cm³ 500 g ÷ 400 cm³ = 1.25 g/cm³

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