Presentation on theme: "Strategies for Answering Extended/Short Answer Response Questions."— Presentation transcript:
Strategies for Answering Extended/Short Answer Response Questions
Typically difficult for students. Each question requires a specific task from the student. Extended-Response (4 pt) and Short-Answer (2 pt) Questions To find these requirements, look at the scoring guide…
1.Start on the ODE homepage. 2.Near the top-right of the page, click on Testing. 3.On the left menu, click on Released Test Materials. 4.Select Released Test Materials for Ohio's Grade 3-8 Achievement Tests. How to Find Scoring Guides 5.Select your grade, subject and year of the test. Scoring guides are on the right.
Read the question carefully and completely. Underline each keyword (action words). Circle each special keyword. Extended-Response/Short Answer Recommendations
Test makers do not make all questions in the same way: Questions have a mix of keywords, special keywords and subjects. The most common combinations are: Four Keywords Two Special Keywords for one Subject Two Keywords on two Subjects Key Words
A two-point question has two brief tasks or one detailed task In order to respond effectively, students must recognize: Two keywords, or tasks. One keyword for two subjects. One special keyword about one subject. Patterns of a Short-Answer (2 pt) Question
Questions contain keywords and expect an answer for each one: Ex: Identify, describe, explain, compare, determine, list, draw, graph, give details, etc… When reading the question, mark all keywords. If there are fewer marked keywords than the number of points, the special keywords need extra attention. Special keywords: Describe, explain or compare. Require more depth and detail. Worth two points since there is partial credit. Short Answer (2pt) Questions
39. Explain why Railroad Time was created. Then, explain why it was replaced with another system. Write your answer in the Answer Document (2 points) One keyword for two subjects.
Four Keywords What are two theories about the shifting sands on Jockey’s Ridge? Using information from the passage, describe two possible solutions to the problem of sand migration. Write your answer in your Answer Document. (4 points)
Classroom Practices that Develop Needed Knowledge and Skills
Advance organizers Corrective instruction Clarity of presentation Use of examples High expectations Effort reinforcement Classroom time management High level questioning Classroom assessment Effective Classroom Practices
AB Quadrant Questions 1.Cause students to summarize and draw conclusions. 2.Useful to bring about combination and recombination of experiences which lead to: Generalization Understanding 3.Their importance is limited since these questions tax the lower cognitive domain. 4.These are too common in the classroom. 5.Requires students to use mainly: Recall and limited reasoning Problem-solving limited to facts already stated
CD Quadrant Questions 1.Open-ended questions that lead to further questions, cause students to experiment or lead to research 2.These questions: Foster thinking Enlarge the scope of material being studied Deepen students’ interest on the topic 3.These are probably the least-asked questions 4.There are no “right” answers 5.Requires students to use both: Concrete thinking Abstract thinking