Presentation on theme: "Dr. D. Breithecker „Bodies in motion“ an ergo-dynamic concept for holistic learning and human development School Symposium Feb. 6-7, 2009 / Tampa, FL."— Presentation transcript:
1 Dr. D. Breithecker„Bodies in motion“ an ergo-dynamic concept for holistic learning and human developmentSchool SymposiumFeb. 6-7, 2009 / Tampa, FLDr. Dieter BreitheckerFederal Institute on the Development of Posture and ExerciseWiesbaden, Germany
2 Schooling and Learning Dr. D. BreitheckerSchooling and LearningOur senses evolved to work together which means that we learn best if we stimulate several senses at once.We have to satisfy the entire sensory system with a natural stimulation
3 Get out of the sitting trap Dr. D. BreitheckerGet out of the sitting trapOur learning performance is deeply affected by the (emotional) environment in which the learning takes placeActual concepts of learning have to be supported by an „ergo-dynamic“ environment
4 Dr. D. BreitheckerWe carry in us the heritage of evolution Movement is an anthropological necessityThe human brain evolved tooThe past is the key for our futureTherefore adolescents do need a special challenging environment
5 Exercising boosts brain power Dr. D. BreitheckerExercising boosts brain powerChildren have a strong natural impulse to be active.They are organising their developmentBrain development (synaptic switching )is basing on movement.„Use it or lose it“
6 What we have to know about learning and moving Dr. D. BreitheckerWhat we have to know about learning and movingThere is a strong relationship between movement and mental fitness. The commonly held opinion that movement detracts from attention and concentration is no longer valid.We have to accept the anthropological law that a human being must move and that the unit of mind and body must never be overlooked.Zunächst greift sie gern alte Weisheiten auf (vgl. Graf u.a.) oder geht von Alltagserfahrungen Erwachsener aus (Teuchert-Noodt)!Beide bestätigen, das Empfinden der Kinder, dass der Zusammenhang von Bewegung und Lernen offenkundig wichtig ist!Welche Ergebnisse kann man nennen?Eine Vielzahl!Amerikanische Forschung, die den Zusammenhang von akademischer Leistung und Bewegung in verschiedenen Studien belegen, die den Zusammenhang als bedeutungsvoll herausstellen, ihn neutral darstellen aber nie darstellen, dass Bewegung Lernen stört ...Vgl. Graf 2003, Dordel 2003 vgl.
7 The socialization of children Dr. D. BreitheckerThe socialization of childrenThe majority of problems related to young people that physicians have seen an alarming case of include less physical activities and an increase of sedentary and static activities (computer, videogames, television) which increases risk for injury
8 E r g o n o m i c s a subject for a school as a place of work? Dr. D. BreitheckerE r g o n o m i c s a subject for a school as a place of work?Adolescents already sit to long and too often in static postures, especially when they work with computer technology.More and more students experience a number of sitting related musculoskeletal symptons and disorders.Static sitting students stress their body‘s tissues, becoming more uncomfortable, more tired, and less productive.
9 Sit it out or act ?! Health – Relaxation – Well-Being – Attention Dr. D. BreitheckerSit it out or act ?!Health – Relaxation –Well-Being – Attentionand ConcentrationErgonomic conditionsand concepts willdecide as one importantcomponent
10 Guidelines - ergonomic seating Dr. D. BreitheckerGuidelines - ergonomic seatingGrowing adolescents need simple height adjustments on chairs and desks2. The chair should naturally follow the movement needs of the body3. The furniture has to be in accordance to modern concepts of learning and schooling
11 Dr. D. BreitheckerAll people are alike … only some are a little bigger incorrectly-sized school furniture have dramatic health consequencesThe adjustment of chairs and desks
12 Sitting – a serious health problem ? Dr. D. BreitheckerSitting – a serious health problem ?Sitting is a comfortable body posture – take the weight off your feet, relax your musclesSit down and stand up Problem: the time between sitting down and standing upMovement is the key to good health, especially when a person is seated.
13 Dr. D. BreitheckerLearn by children / Learn by Nature The natural behaviour of the kids is decisive for the design and the function of chairsMake peace with fidgeting!It only takes about 10 minutes – or less – before a student begins to fidget, thanks to the sensomotoric system.Regarding adolescents, it is evident, that the activity of the brain is influenced by the support of movement.“(Maria Montessori)Therefore their chairs should be designed to encourage movement rather than restrict it
14 Dr. D. BreitheckerDynamic Sitting: Improving Oxygen Flow While Seated Breithecker / Ludwig 2008Static sittingCells need oxygen, transported by blood, to burn energy. Blood also carries carbon dioxide - waste from the body‘s burned energy - out of the cells.The effectiveness of this process is facilitated through tissue perfusion, a measure of the excange of oxygen and carbon dioxide within the body‘s tissues. It‘s the basis for keeping individual cells and ultimately human beings alive.Dynamic sitting
15 What the brain needs to survive Dr. D. BreitheckerWhat the brain needs to surviveO 2
16 Learning and Schooling – “ergo-dynamic” solutions are decisive Dr. D. BreitheckerMehr Flexibilität und MobilitätLearning and Schooling – “ergo-dynamic” solutions are decisiveBuildings and classrooms should be no prisons or cages where teachers only transfer knowledge
17 Dr. D. BreitheckerAttention and concentration problems / school morning Students, Grade 7-12, Breithecker 2007
18 Dr. D. BreitheckerIf we do want more individualized and differentiated teaching we also have to require for an suitable environment
19 Dr. D. BreitheckerBodies in MotionWe do need solutions which accept the body’s intrinsic need for movement and variation so that users are encouraged to carry out dynamic body posture behaviours.The best body posture is always the next one- 50% sitting (dynamic sitting)- 30% standing20% walking around
20 Dr. D. BreitheckerResearches: Comparison study of physical activities ergo-dynamic classroom / 4 years (Breithecker 2005)
21 Dr. D. BreitheckerResearches: Comparison study of physical activities Traditional school class / 4 years (Breithecker 2005)
22 Researches: .. movement also benefits the head (Breithecker 2005) Dr. D. BreitheckerResearches: .. movement also benefits the head (Breithecker 2005)Researches have shown that giving students (Class B) increased opportunities to move while seated – rocking, swiveling – triggered far-above-average levels of attention and concentration during test taking.ABIt is easier to get good academic results when you areworking in an environment which encourages you toconstantly vary your body posture!
23 Conclusion We need to start NOW to protect Dr. D. BreitheckerConclusionWe need to start NOWto protectthose who cannot protect themselvesWe have to integrate the principles ofergonomicsinto the lives of childrenChildren are the adults of tomorrow
24 Further informations to the concept contact Dr. Dieter Breithecker Dr. D. BreitheckerFurther informations to the conceptcontactDr. Dieter Breithecker