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Scientific experiments often involve making measurements We use the metric system in science! We measure length, weight and mass, area and volume, density, time, and temperature.

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Le Systeme International d’Unites Or, SI for short Or, SI for short

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Length The standard SI unit to measure length is the meter (m). The distance from a doorknob to the floor is about 1 m. A guitar is about 1 m long.

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Weight Weight is a measure of the gravitational force of an object. It can vary with location. For example, the weight of an astronaut while on the moon is about 1/6 their weight on earth. Weight is a force and the SI unit for force is the Newton (N).

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Mass The SI unit of mass is the kilogram (kg). Mass is the amount of matter in an object and depends on the number and kinds of atoms that make up the object. The mass of an object, unlike weight, does not change with an object’s position.

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Area Area is the amount of surface included within a set of boundaries and is expressed in square units of length, such as square meters (m 2 ) or square centimeters (cm 2).

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Volume The amount of space occupied by an object is the object’s volume. The SI unit for volume, like those of area are derived from the SI units used to measure length. The basic SI unit of volume for a regularly shaped, solid object is the cubic meter (m 3). The amount of space occupied by an object is the object’s volume. The SI unit for volume, like those of area are derived from the SI units used to measure length. The basic SI unit of volume for a regularly shaped, solid object is the cubic meter (m 3). SI measurements for liquid volumes are usually made in milliliters (mL) or liters (L). Volume may also be expressed in cubic centimeters (cm 3). SI measurements for liquid volumes are usually made in milliliters (mL) or liters (L). Volume may also be expressed in cubic centimeters (cm 3).

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Density Density is a measure of the amount of matter that occupies a given space. Density is calculated by dividing the mass of the matter by it’s volume. Density is expressed in grams per cubic centimeter (g/cm 3), grams per milliliter (g/mL 3), or kilograms per cubic meter (kg/m 3).

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Time Time is the interval between two events and is usually measured with a watch or clock. Time is the interval between two events and is usually measured with a watch or clock.

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Temperature Temperature is a measure of the average vibrations of the particles that make up a material. Temperature is a measure of the average vibrations of the particles that make up a material. A mass made up of particles that vibrate quickly has a higher temperature than a mass whose particles vibrate more slowly. A mass made up of particles that vibrate quickly has a higher temperature than a mass whose particles vibrate more slowly. Temperature is measured in degrees with a thermometer. Temperature is measured in degrees with a thermometer. In science we use degrees Celsius (C). In science we use degrees Celsius (C).

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Scientific Notation In science, numbers may be small or large. To conveniently express large numbers, we use scientific notation which is a multiplier and power of 10. For example, the number of stars in the Sombrero Galaxy are 90,000,000,000. Instead, we would write, 9 x 10 10. This represents a positive number. If the number has a decimal such as 0.0000000001 m, it would be written as 1 x 10 -10 m.

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