What is the purpose of an outline? Why is outlining a necessary part of the writing process? 2-3 sentences in your notebook. Do Now
3/24/15 Objective Students will organize their arguments with direct evidence in order to present a logical and supportive literary analysis. Agenda Do Now Share Out What is outlining? Examples Independent work: create your outline Exit
Why do we outline? The German philosopher and writer Arnold Schopenhaur once advised: "Write the way an architect builds, who first drafts his plan and designs every detail." If you ever develop writer's block, you may find that having an outline to refer to can help keep you on track, or get your writing jump-started. Writing one can help you make some decisions about the ROADMAP to direct your essay.
When you write an outline, you’re getting a general idea of what your paper will look like. You should figure out what each paragraph will focus on based on what your thesis statement has laid out for you. Writing an outline
Introduction Hook Explain Hook Introduce texts/authors Connect main characters to hook (backstory connection) Thesis
Thesis: These protagonists all demonstrate the idea that without courage, there is no fear. In Suzanne Collins’ The Hunger Games, Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird and John Green’s The Fault In Our Stars, the authors use major plot events, vivid figurative language and several types of conflict to convey the idea that fear often motivates us to do things we never thought were possible. Body Paragraph 1 – Plot events (The Hunger Games) Body Paragraph 2 – Plot events (To Kill a Mockingbird) Body Paragraph 3 – Plot events (The Fault in Our Stars) Example
Body Paragraph 1 First Body Paragraph- Text/Literary Element Transition sentence (what this paragraph will discuss, how it will prove your thesis) Context for the quote Who says it? What’s happening in the text when they say it? Quote from the text (introduced and cited appropriately) Analysis of the quote: How does it prove your thesis? Connecting sentence to thesis (wrap up the paragraph to effectively transition to the next paragraph)
A. Transition sentence: In texts, the events that make up the action often serve as a means through which the characters learn a great deal about themselves. B. Context: Katniss Everdeen is a character who lives in a world very different from our own. From the very beginning of The Hunger Games, we learn that children between the ages of twelve and eighteen must fight to the death in order to win money and food for their district. At the reaping, Katniss’ sister Prim’s name is called. Quote from the text: When our young heroine hears this, she notes, “I reach [Prim] just as she is about to mount the steps. With one sweep of my arm, I push her behind me. ‘I volunteer!’ I gasp. ‘I volunteer as tribute!’” (Collins 22) The decision to have Katniss “volunteer” for her sister not only shows what a caring, conscientious individual she is, it is also the catalyst for every event that will teach our heroine, time and time again, that she is capable of doing much more than she thought. Connecting sentence to thesis: Although Katniss can’t “remember how to breathe, [is] unable to speak, [and is] totally stunned” by what just happened, she does the courageous thing and is set off on a journey that will show her that her fear will motivate her to do things she never thought possible. III. First body paragraph
Body Paragraph 2 Second Body Paragraph- Text/Literary Element Topic sentence (what this paragraph will discuss, how it will prove your thesis) Context for the quote Who says it? What’s happening in the text when they say it? Quote from the text (introduced and cited appropriately) Analysis of the quote: How does it prove your thesis? Closing sentence (wrap up the paragraph to effectively transition to the next paragraph
Remember… This is NOT specifically a 5 paragraph essay… The amount of body paragraph depends on your thesis statement. However, for EACH lens, you should talk and analyze each of the three texts. LENS OF CONFLICT GREAT EXPECTATIO NS EXAMPLE POETRY EXAMPLE SHORT STORY EXAMPLE
Remember… Avoid plot summary. Assume the reader knows the plot of a novel or understands the selected passage. Select specific evidence from the plot to use in supporting your claim. Integrate quotes into sentences. Avoid using two or three lines of quotes but instead just choose the words necessary and build them into the text. Make sure the essay shows a progression of ideas as opposed to repeating one idea over and over. Using transition words is essential in showing how thoughts build upon each other.
Think of the essay as a telescope giving the reader the ability to zoom in and look closely. A good essay provides specific evidence and analysis at the sentence and word level always tying back to the overall meaning of a work.
Independent Work Reference the outline template. COMPLETE SENTENCES. Go to my website to the “Great Expectations” folder. Click the “Outline” link. Outline due at the end of class, Friday 3/27. 50 Points