2 The Age of Jackson Regional Economies create differences Industry took off in New England, whose economy depended on shipping and foreign trade.Eli Whitney’s invention the cotton gin made it possible for Southern farmers to produce cotton more profitably.
4 Balancing Nationalism and Sectionalism Clay’s American System-establishing a protective tariff, fix the national bank, and develop transportation systems.Missouri Compromise-Maine was admitted as a free state and Missouri as a slave state.
7 The Election of Andrew Jackson The Election of 1824-Jackson lost the election to John Quincy Adams.Jacksonians accused Adams and Clay of stealing the presidency by making a corrupt bargain.Jackson wins presidency 1828
9 Jacksonian DemocracyJackson’s ideal Political power for all classes. He sought to give common people a chance to participate in government.The spoils system-New administrations hire their own supporters to replace supporters of the previous administration.
11 The Indian Removal ActThe federal government provided funds to negotiate treaties that would force the Native Americans to move west.Worcester v. Georgia"John Marshall has made his decision; now let him enforce it!"
16 Nullification and the Bank War In 1824 and again in 1828 Congress increased the Tariff of 1816.The Nullification Crisis-Calhoun developed a theory of nullification to try to free South Carolinians from the tariffIf a state found an act to be unconstitutional, the state could declare the offending law inoperative within its borders.
17 Jackson’s Bank WarJackson tried to kill the Second Bank of the U.S. by withdrawing all government deposits from the bank’s branches and placing them in certain state banks.