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The History and Details of Computer Viruses With Chuck Easttom

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1 The History and Details of Computer Viruses With Chuck Easttom

2 Terms What is a virus What is a worm What is a Trojan horse

3 1981 Apple Viruses 1, 2, & 3 1980’s Fred Cohen 1987 Lehigh Virus 1988 The first anti virus software 1990 The first polymorphic viruses 1991 Symantec releases Norton Anti Virus 1992 The Michelangelo Virus 1994 Kaos4 virus spreads via adult websites. 1996 The Concept virus The History of Computer Viruses

4 The History of Computer Viruses II 1999 The Melissa Virus 2000 The I Love You Virus 2001 The Code Red Worm 2003 The Slammer Worm. 2004 MyDoom

5 The History of Computer Viruses - Details 1981 Apple Viruses 1, 2, and 3 are some of the first viruses "in the wild" or public domain. Found on the Apple II operating system, the viruses spread through Texas A&M via pirated computer games.

6 The History of Computer Viruses - Details 1980’s In the early 1980s, Fred Cohen did extensive theoretical research, as well as setting up and performing numerous practical experiments, regarding viral type programs. His dissertation was presented in 1986 as part of the requirements for a doctorate in electrical engineering from the University of Southern California. This work is foundational, and any serious student of viral programs disregards it at his own risk Dr. Cohen's definition of a computer virus as "a program that can 'infect' other programs by modifying them to include a version of itself

7 The History of Computer Viruses - Details 1987 In November, the Lehigh virus was discovered at Lehigh University in the U.S. It was the first "memory resident file infector". A file-infecting virus attacks executable files. It gets control when the file is opened. The Lehigh virus attacked a file called COMMAND.COM. When the file was run (usually by booting from an infected disk), the virus stayed in the resident memory.

8 The History of Computer Viruses - Details 1988 In March, the first anti-virus software was written. It was designed to detect and remove the Brain virus and immunized disks against Brain infection.

9 The History of Computer Viruses - Details 1990 Viruses combining various characteristics spring up. They included Polymorphism (involves encrypted viruses where the decryption routine code is variable), Armoring (used to prevent anti-virus researchers from dissembling a virus) and Multipartite (can infect both programs and boot sectors).

10 The History of Computer Viruses - Details 1991 Symantec releases Norton Anti-Virus software. 1992 Media mayhem greeted the virus Michaelangelo in March. Predictions of massive disruptions were made and anti-virus software sales soared. As it turned out, the cases of the virus were far and few between.

11 The History of Computer Viruses - Details 1994 A virus called Kaos4 was posted on a pornography news group file. It was encoded as text and downloaded by a number of users. 1996 Concept, a macro-virus, becomes the most common virus in the world. 1998 - The "RedTeam" virus infects Windows executables dispatches the infected files through Eudora e-mail.

12 The History of Computer Viruses - Details 1998: The emergence of the sensational "BackOrifice" ("Backdoor.BO") - utility of that allowed hackers management of remote computers and networks. 1999 The Melissa virus, a macro, appears. It uses Microsoft Word to infect computers and is passed on to others through Microsoft Outlook and Outlook Express e-mail programs.

13 The History of Computer Viruses - Details 2000 The "I Love You Virus" wreaks havoc around the world. It is transmitted by e-mail and when opened, is automatically sent to everyone in the user's address book July 2001: The Code Red worm infects tens of thousands of systems running Microsoft Windows NT and Windows 2000 server software, causing an estimated $2 billion in damages. The worm is programmed to use the power of all infected machines against the White House Web site at a predetermined date. In an ad hoc partnership with virus hunters and technology companies, the White House deciphers the virus's code and blocks traffic as the worm begins its attack..

14 The History of Computer Viruses - Details 2002: Melissa virus author David L. Smith, 33, is sentenced to 20 months in federal prison Jan. 2003: The "Slammer" worm infects hundreds of thousands of computers in less than three hours. The fastest-spreading worm ever wreaks havoc on businesses worldwide, knocking cash machines offline and delaying airline flights.

15 The History of Computer Viruses - Details 2004: The "MyDoom" worm becomes the fastest-spreading e-mail worm as it causes headaches -- but very little damage -- almost a year to the day after Slammer ran rampant in late January 2003. MyDoom uses "social engineering," or low-tech psychological tricks, to persuade people to open the e-mail attachment that contains the virus. It claims to be a notification that an e-mail message sent earlier has failed, and prompts the user to open the attachment to see what the message text originally said. Many people fall for it.

16 The History of Computer Viruses - Details 2007: A new virus called "Storm Worm." is released. This fast-spreading email spammer disguises itself as a news email and asks you to download film. The "Storm Worm" gathers infected computers into a botnet, which it uses to infect other machines. It was first identified on Jan. 17 and within 13 days had infected 1.7 million computers

17 The History of Computer Viruses - Details 2009 9 million computers running on Windows operating system were hit with "Conficker" worm. The malware spread via the Internet and the main tools that helped the worm spread were unpatched corporate networks and USB memory sticks. First discovered last October, it loads itself on to a computer by exploiting a weakness in Windows servers. Once it has infected a machine, the software also tries to connect to up to 250 different domains with random names every day.

18 The mechanics of Viruses Delivery a. Via email b. Copying over a network c. Direct communication with exposed ports. Payload Types of Viruses Macro virus Script Virus Executable Virus

19 How Anti Virus Software Works Scanning for known files Scanning for worm infection vectors Heuristic scanning

20 Current Active Viruses As of 13 November 2005 Sober.S first noticed October 13, 2005 Bagle variant started September 19, 2005 Zotob-D August 16 th, 2005

21 Rules for preventing viruses Keep operating system and all software updated/patched Use a virus scanner. McAffee and Norton are the two most widely accepted and used virus scanners. It costs about $30 a year to keep your virus scanner updated. Do it. If you are not sure about an attachment, don’t open it. You might even exchange a code word with friends and colleagues. Tell them that if they wish to send you an attachment, to put the code word in the title of the message. Without seeing the code word, you will not open any attachment. Don’t believe “security alerts” that you are sent. Microsoft does not send out things in this manner. Go check the Microsoft website regularly, as well as one of the anti-virus websites previously mentioned.

22 Anti Virus Information Web Sites

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