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© OECD/IEA 2011 The work of InterEnerStat and IRES from the perspective of an international organisation Seminar on: International Recommendations for Energy Statistics: Achievements and future challenges New York, 21 February 2011 Karen Tréanton Head of Energy Balances, Prices and Emissions Section Energy Statistics Division
© OECD/IEA 2011 Quality of energy statistics was deteriorating Completeness More and more data are estimated More and more data are missing and/or confidential Less and less details, more aggregation (CHP, main activity producers vs. autoproducers, …) Quality Efficiency of power plants > 100% Subtotals do not add up to totals Large statistical difference (>20%) Breaks in time series - no revisions in time series Other sectors often used as a balancing item Timeliness More and more time to collect, process, check and release data
© OECD/IEA 2011 The reasons for decreasing data quality Liberalisation of the market From one company to hundreds Confidentiality (linked to liberalisation) More work passed to statistics offices: More companies to survey (liberalisation) Renewables (remote information) Energy efficiency indicators (including socio-economic data) Environment (estimation of GHG emissions, ….) Resources do not follow work load Statistics still have a low profile, budget cuts Fast turnover in staff: lack of experience, continuity New developments make the tasks of statisticians much harder
© OECD/IEA 2011 Not only a lack of resources… UN Secretaria de Energía Mexico 1995199619971998 APEC2653290330873134 IEA2741287230623109 OLADE 272229693022 3070 OPEC2618285830223071 UN 2834 29773166 3250 Crude Oil Production for Mexico (in kbd) An obvious need to react at all levels 5% gap also a lack of harmonization and co-operation
© OECD/IEA 2011 Organisations started to react At the political level: Several presentations on the situation at the IEA Governing Board Transparency and statistics were also high on the agenda of the Ministerial Meeting in May 2005 At the technical level: Release of an Energy Statistics Manual (together with Eurostat) Training of statisticians from Member / Non-Member countries A series of meetings with Member countries Recognition/Commitment/Resources Expertise/Recognition/Commitment Creation of the OCG and the InterEnerStat
© OECD/IEA 2011 The momentum was there….. Objectives: To hear from each organisation what they do, what are their problems and their expectation for more co-operation To pave the way for more harmonization and for strengthening bilateral and international co-operation Participants: 24 major regional and international organisations. Both data providers (IEA, UNSD, OPEC, Eurostat, FAO) and users (WB, IMF, UNFCCC,…) IEA in consultation with UNSD decided to hold the 1 st InterEnerStat meeting (Nov. 2005)
© OECD/IEA 2011 Two Clear Requests Harmonisation Methodologies Definitions Units Conversion factors Harmonised demands and questionnaires Handbooks and manuals Training Quality framework Harmonisation Methodologies Definitions Units Conversion factors Harmonised demands and questionnaires Handbooks and manuals Training Quality framework Co-operation Raising political awareness Harmonisation Joint Questionnaires Joint Training Common manuals Joint quality assessment Exchange of data Co-operation Raising political awareness Harmonisation Joint Questionnaires Joint Training Common manuals Joint quality assessment Exchange of data
© OECD/IEA 2011 Harmonisation: first step was to collect from each organisation its own set of definitions WORLD BANK FAO UN OPEC OAPEC The 2 nd step was to assemble them in a transparent way easy to access
© OECD/IEA 2011 Website presented at InterEnerStat 2 (Nov 2007)
© OECD/IEA 2011 From InterEnerStat 2 to InterEnerStat 3 An expert was contracted to: Look at flows and products Highlight similarities and differences Propose a compromise definition for each flow/product
© OECD/IEA 2011 3 rd and 4 th InterEnerStat meetings (Oct 2008 and Nov 2009) Expert provided first draft report for harmonised definitions Discussions with international organisations A series of decisions adopted Decisions translated into revised definitions
© OECD/IEA 2011 Where is InterEnerStat now? By the end of 2010 all the minor outstanding points were agreed between groups working on InterEnerStat, OCG and IRES. These definitions will be guidelines to help organisations to arrive to a common understanding of what is a covered by a particular flow or a particular product. Definitions have been used in the International Recommendations for Energy Statistics manual of the UNSD, which is now going before the Statistical Commission… So, what next ?
© OECD/IEA 2011 FAO UN OPEC OAPEC ? AFREC 1. One questionnaire : dream or reality ?
© OECD/IEA 2011 The Joint IEA/Eurostat Energy Statistics Manual (now available in 10 languages) Arabic Farsi The IRES Manual (UNSD and Oslo City Group) (in cooperation with many organisations and countries) The Manual on Energy Statistics for Energy Efficiency Indicators (IEA, ODYSSEE, others) 2. Provide better manuals Manual on Energy Statistics for Energy Efficiency Indicators
© OECD/IEA 2011 3. Joint trainings for energy statisticians IEA training centre (next week in Paris) Chile (in Santiago) South Africa (in Johannesburg) Energy Community (in Paris) Three Chinese secondees for 3 months Examples of recently conducted training sessions: The MEDSTAT programme Regular training for APEC economies (i.e. Bangkok) Several training sessions including on line training
© OECD/IEA 2011 A few words to conclude Harmonisation will not happen overnight. It needs time, effort, resources and commitment. The first several steps have been taken to establish the basis for moving harmonisation forward. Underlying principle: evolution not revolution. The main objective is to support energy policy and energy analysis. Thank you
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