2 End Marks What is an end mark? What are the different kinds of end An end mark is also known as punctuation, and comes at the end of a sentence. It lets you know when to stop.What are the different kinds of endPeriodQuestions markExclamation mark
3 The Comma A comma is a punctuation mark. It tells us to take a brief pause when we are reading.It is the most common punctuation mark, but has to be used carefully.It is overused, underused, and abused!Comma can change the meaning of a sentence.
4 8 Comma RulesRule #1Use commas to separate items in a list of three or more.Incorrect: I need to buy milk eggs and bread.Correct: I need to buy milk, eggs, and bread.
5 8 Comma RulesRule #2Use a comma to separate independent clauses (complete thoughts) when they are joined by the following conjunctions:Note: The comma should come before the conjunction.Incorrect: I want to buy the new jacket but is it too expensive.Correct: I want to buy the new jacket, but is it too expensive.AndOrForNorSoYetBut
6 8 Comma RulesRule #3Use a comma to separate a dependent clause (incomplete thought) from an independent clause (complete thought).Incorrect: Without water the plant will die.Correct: Without water, the plant will die.
7 8 Comma RulesRule #4Use a comma(s) to separate any interrupting word or phrase. This phrase usually provides extra information about the subject.Incorrect: My mother on the other hand does not like chocolate.Correct: My mother, on the other hand, does not like chocolate.
8 8 Comma RulesRule #5Use a comma to separate a quotation from the rest of a sentence.Incorrect: “We need to buy more sugar” she said “before it runs out!”Correct: “We need to buy more sugar,” she said, “before it runs out!”
9 8 Comma RulesRule #6Use a comma to separate an introductory element from the rest of a sentence.Incorrect: Hi how are you?Correct: Hi, how are you?
10 8 Comma RulesRule #7Use a comma to separate the name of a city from a country or state.Incorrect: I live in Chapel Hill North Carolina.Correct: I live in Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
11 8 Comma Rules Rule #8 See worksheet Use a comma to separate the day of the week, the day of the month, and the year.Incorrect: Today is Thursday AprilCorrect: Today is Thursday, April 18, 1943.See worksheet
12 The Colon Used to show time Used before a list 11:35 PM I will need the following items from the store: bread, bananas, and milk.
13 Apostrophe Apostrophes are used to form possessive nouns Apostrophes are used to form contractionsSee worksheet