Presentation on theme: "An Introduction to Map Vocabulary"— Presentation transcript:
1 An Introduction to Map Vocabulary Map TermsAn Introduction to Map Vocabulary
2 Parts of a Map There are 4 main parts of a map: The Title The Compass RoseThe Map KeyThe Scale
3 The TitleThe title of the map is usually at the top and describes the topic of the mapExample: The title of this map is “British Empire – 1900.”
4 The Compass RoseThe compass rose is the symbol on a map that shows the 4 cardinal directions (North, South, East, and West) and the 4 intermediate directions (Northeast, Northwest, Southeast, and Southwest).NWNESWSE
5 The Map KeyThe map key is the part of the map that explains what the symbols and colors on the map represent.Example: On this map, the red line indicates the Trans-Siberian railroad, the black line is a national boundary, and a black dot is a city.
6 The Map KeyOn this map, different colors are used to show different things.Example: the lavender color shows where the Han people live. The red color shows where the Mao people live.
7 The ScaleThe scale is the part of the map that helps determine the actual distance between locations.Example: On this map, 1 inch is equal to 100 miles.
8 Inset Map Sometimes maps have an inset map. An inset map is used to show details of a map at a larger scale.
9 What are the seven continents? North AmericaSouth AmericaEuropeAsiaAfricaAustraliaAntarcticaIt’s your choice!Identify them on the world map, or label them on the blank side of the map.
10 What are the four oceans? AtlanticPacificIndianArcticIt’s your choice!Identify them on the world map, or label them on the blank side of the map.
11 Hemispheres A hemisphere is half of a globe. It can be split horizontally through the Equator.Or it can be split vertically through the Prime Meridian.
12 Hemispheres What continent(s) are in the northern hemisphere? What continent(s) are in the southern hemisphere?What continent(s) are in the western hemisphere?What continent(s) are in the eastern hemisphere?
13 Location Absolute Location Relative Location The location of a place using latitude and longitude coordinates.Ex. New York City is 41N, 74W.Relative LocationThe location of a place in relation to something else.Ex. I live near Kroger.
14 Absolute Location: Using Latitude and Longitude To find locations for larger areas such as countries or continents, latitude and longitude are used.This is a giant grid where degrees are used.
15 LatitudeThe Equator is 0° latitude and is the starting place for measuring latitude, the lines that measure distances north or south of the Equator.Example: A city on this line is said to be located at 40° S.
16 LongitudeThe Prime Meridian is 0° longitude and is the starting place of measuring longitude, the lines that measure distance east or west of the Prime Meridian.Example: A city on this line is said to be located at 20° W.
17 Put them both together!By using lines of latitude and longitude, you can give the absolute location of any place on earth.Example: A city here is located at 20° S, 60° W.
18 Types of MapsThere are many different kinds of maps, depending on what the map is to be used for.Examples:A map showing the 50 states of the United StatesA road map of New HampshireA map of Pennichuck Middle School
19 Political MapsPolitical maps show man-made boundaries between countries and states.The capital city of each country is designated by a circle with a star inside.
20 Physical MapsPhysical maps show natural features such as rivers, lakes, oceans, plateaus, mountains, and peninsulas.Elevation (height of the land above sea level) is also shown with the use of different colors.
21 Climate MapA climate map uses various colors to show different types of climate (the weather throughout the year.)Example: On this map the dark green color represents a tropical wet climate. Blue is a marine climate
22 Land Use/Resource MapA natural resource map uses symbols to show where resources such as minerals and plant products are located.Example: The cart with a “c” on it represents coal. The coiled wire represents copper.
23 Population Distribution Map In this map, different colors are used to show the population density (the number of people per square mile.) Symbols are used to show the population of major cities.Example: The purple areas have a high population density (over 520 people per square mile – very crowded!) A represents a city with over 5 million people.