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Sexually Transmistted Diseases

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Presentation on theme: "Sexually Transmistted Diseases"— Presentation transcript:

1 Sexually Transmistted Diseases

2 Most Prevalent STD’s in Haiti
Gonorrhea Chlamydia HIV/AIDS Trichomoniasis Syphilis Trich is the most prevalent among the Haitian population, and Gonorrhea is the least prevalent. HIV is actually pretty low

3 Sexual History Statistics for Haiti:
Over half of the women don’t seem to have a problem getting their partner to wear condom, although almost a fourth of women can’t get their partner to wear a condom. Also the percentage of people forced/pressured into having sex is significantly high!

4 Gonorrhea Caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Can be spread from contact with the mouth, vagina, penis, or anus. Symptoms in men include: Burning and pain while urinating Increased urinary frequency or urgency Discharge from the penis (white, yellow, or green in color) Red or swollen opening of penis (urethra) Tender or swollen testicles Sore throat (gonococcal pharyngitis) Symptoms in women: Vaginal discharge Burning and pain while urinating Increased urination Sore throat Painful sexual intercourse Severe pain in lower abdomen (if the infection spreads to the fallopian tubes and stomach area Fever (if the infection spreads to the fallopian tubes and stomach area) If the infection spreads to the bloodstream, fever, rash, and arthritis-like symptoms may occur. The bacteria grow in warm, moist areas of the body, including the tube that carries urine out of the body (urethra). In women, the bacteria may be found in the reproductive tract (which includes the fallopian tubes, uterus, and cervix). The bacteria can even grow in the eyes. Symptoms of gonorrhea usually appear days after infection, however, in men, symptoms may take up to a month to appear. Some people do not have symptoms. They may be completely unaware that they have caught the infection, and therefore do not seek treatment. This increases the risk of complications and the chances of passing the infection on to another person. Symptoms in women: can be very mild or nonspecific, and may be mistaken for another type of infection.

5 Gonorrhea Treatments:
A gonorrhea infection that has not spread to the bloodstream or other areas almost always can be cured with antibiotics. Gonorrhea that has spread is a more serious infection but almost always gets better with treatment.

6 Chlamydia Almost half the women with Gonorrhea also have Chlamydia.
Chlamydia is a disease caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis It is the most common STD in the United States Symptoms in Men: Burning sensation during urination Discharge from the penis or rectum Testicular tenderness or pain Rectal discharge or pain Symptoms in Women: Burning sensation during urination Painful sexual intercourse Rectal pain or discharge Vaginal discharge As many as 1 in 4 men with chlamydia have no symptoms. In men, chlamydia may produce symptoms similar to gonorrhea Only about 30% of women with chlamydia have symptoms. Can be treated with Antibiotics

7 HIV/AIDS Can be spread by:
Sexual contact -- including oral, vaginal, and anal sex Through blood -- through blood transfusions, accidental needlesticks, or needle sharing From mother to child -- a pregnant woman can transmit the virus to her fetus through their shared blood circulation, or a nursing mother can pass it to her baby in her breast milk

8 Symptoms of HIV/AIDS Diarrhea Fatigue Fever
Frequent vaginal yeast infections Headache Mouth sores, including yeast infection (thrush) Muscle stiffness or aching Rashes of different types, including seborrheic dermatitis and psoriasis Sore throat Swollen lymph glands There is no known cure.

9 Trichomoniasis Caused by a parasite entering the body through sexual contact. Symptoms in women include a green or yellow discharge from the vagina, itching in or near the vagina and discomfort with urination. Most men don't have any symptoms, but it can cause irritation inside the penis. You can cure trichomoniasis with antibiotics. In men, the infection usually goes away on its own without causing symptoms. But an infected man can continue to infect or reinfect a woman until he gets treated. So it's important that both partners get treated at the same time. In men, the infection usually goes away on its own without causing symptoms. But an infected man can continue to infect or reinfect a woman until he gets treated. So it's important that both partners get treated at the same time.

10 Syphilis Caused by bacteria
Infects the genital area, lips, mouth, or anus of both men and women. You can get syphilis from sexual contact with someone who has it. It can also pass from mother to baby during pregnancy. The early stage of syphilis usually causes a single, small, painless sore. Sometimes it causes swelling in nearby lymph nodes. If you do not treat it, syphilis usually causes a non- itchy skin rash, often on your hands and feet. Many people do not notice symptoms for years. Symptoms can go away and come back.


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