Presentation on theme: "The site of Glasgow River Clyde provided water for power, fishing and drinking Relief of land next to the Clyde is flat which allows crops to be grown."— Presentation transcript:
The site of Glasgow River Clyde provided water for power, fishing and drinking Relief of land next to the Clyde is flat which allows crops to be grown and easier to build on. The fertile soil allowed a food surplus to be produced and a thriving market established for trade. A ridge of higher ground provided a good site for a fort, which gave protection to local people. The raised site proved a dry point site above the level of the floodwaters. Surrounding hills (Kilpatrick hills and Renfrewshire heights) provided defense. Natural fording point where people could cross the river, this meant that many people would pass this way increasing trade in the area. This also provided a natural area for salmon fishing. Situation 1.The secure site also encouraged the growth of a church (later a cathedral) and a University. 2.The river was deepened, allowing the largest ships of the day to reach into the heart of the city. 3.The west coast location placed Glasgow in a perfect position for trade across the Atlantic to America. 4.The Atlantic trade opened opportunities for tobacco, sugar and cotton manufacturing in the city. 5. Crucial raw materials such as coal, iron ore and limestone encouraged manufacturing industry. 6.Railways and roads converged on Glasgow and reinforced the city as a communication centre.As the population grew, the city became a service centre with a strong ‘pull’ across central Scotland.
- This model was based on a study of land-use in Chicago. - The oldest part of the city is at the centre and the newest part on the outer edge. The quality and size of housing increases with distance from the CBD, -The quality and size of houses increases with distance from the CBD but the density of housing decreases as more space is available.
- Hoyt's model modified that of Burgess following the development of public transport. - His model suggests that transport and physical features were important, with industrial areas developing outwards in sectors along main transport routes (roads, rivers and canals) and housing growing up around these.
4 Multiple-nuclei Model (Ullman and Harris) This suggests that cities grew by the growing together of several built up areas from several different cores.
Central Business District Centre Of City Train & Bus Stations Route Centre Square Grid Patterned Roads Churches & Cathedral Town Hall Tourist Information Tightly packed buildings so little space
Old Housing Old Industry Located just outside the CBD Rectangular grid pattern roads for housing Close to old Industry as no cars Factories large irregular shaped buildings Factories by transport links canals, such as rivers & rail Inner City Tightly packed buildings so little space – any white areas often being derelict land
Suburbs New Housing New Industry Both new housing & industry is found in the outskirts of the city Both can have roads patterns which are crescent or cul de sac shaped – though the industry can be square like this example Both have more open space, white = grass Both have good road or rail links New industry is often found on estates and are named as such