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Study Skills For Students of English. English as Your Language of Instruction p.1 Motivation Concentration Distraction Place of Study Time of Study.

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Presentation on theme: "Study Skills For Students of English. English as Your Language of Instruction p.1 Motivation Concentration Distraction Place of Study Time of Study."— Presentation transcript:

1 Study Skills For Students of English

2 English as Your Language of Instruction p.1 Motivation Concentration Distraction Place of Study Time of Study

3 Motivation  Inside: Your hopes and expectations  Outside: Grades (small, artificial steps to ultimate goal)

4 Concentration 1.How and why is the subject important? 2.How is the subject related to other subjects, other times, places, problems and purposes? 3.Interest depends on understanding

5 Distraction: How to avoid? May not have 100% control Choose your time and place to study Keep good health

6 Place of Study To increase efficiency Ideally if you have your private room A desk specifically reserved for studying Quiet environment Optimal lighting and temperature

7 Time of Study: Plan your work and work your plan 1 or 2 hours early in the morning Definite time schedule Don’t allow your work to accumulate Never cram materials 2 days before exam 1-hour lesson + 2-hour study time Trade time, don’t steal it.

8 Learning Vocabulary of English p.47 1.By Phonograms 2.By Guessing meaning from Context 3.By Word Formation a)Prefix + word stem + suffix b)Changing Parts of Speech c)Present and past participles as Adjectives d)Word stems

9 Recording the Meaning of Words p.75 File cards/ Note book –New word on a separate card –Copy meaning, pronunciation, part of speech, usage on 4 columns –Arrange cards alphabetically –Review regularly –Check mark beside difficult word

10 Writing an Outline: organization of related ideas p.81 Useful for : Analyze ideas when reading (summary of ideas) Organize ideas when writing (expansion of ideas)

11 How An Outline Is Written p.81 1.System of indenting, numbering and lettering 2.Heading: i.Topic Outline ii.Sentence Outline

12 Outlining Before Writing p.90 Expository writing: expose facts or ideas by presenting, explaining, or interpreting Brainstorming of ideas Delete irrelevant points organize your ideas by organizing main ideas and supporting details systematically One main point=> One paragraph Descending order of importance

13 Improving your Reading p.95 Reading speed Vs Comprehension Achieve a comfortable balance Don’t vocalize words Try pointing at lines but not words Speed increases with a better knowledge of grammar and usage Speed varies depending on material and purposes of reading Regression unavoidable

14 Ways of reducing uncertainty: Predicting p.100 1.Visual information (by actual looking at it ) 2.Orthographic information (by phonograms) 3.Grammatical information (by rules of grammar) 4.Semantic information ( by logical deduction) 5.Revising if necessary (when more, new information comes up)

15 Recognizing Paragraph Patterns while Reading p.122 1.Paragraphs of Analysis 2.Paragraphs of Description 3.Paragraphs of Comparison and Contrast 4.Paragraphs of Analogy 5.Paragraphs of Definition

16 Paragraphs of Analysis: deductive organization Function: to analyze a topic Moves from General to the Particular Main ideas introduced at the beginning of the paragraph (topic sentence) or as a conclusion at the end Supporting details: causes, effects, reasons, methods, purposes

17 Paragraphs of Description Physical description : general to specific or vice versa Description of a process: order of sequence, imperatives

18 Paragraphs of Comparison and Contrast  Main idea: is it similar or different?  Supporting details: descriptions+ examples + definitions

19 Paragraphs of Analogy Purpose: clarifying an abstract idea by comparing it to a more concrete, visualizable example Start with a clearly stated Topic sentence Followed by Comparison to reduce it to a common, easily comprehended situation for better understanding.

20 Paragraphs of Definition Purposes: define, explain, clarify the meaning Includes: analysis, comparison or contrast, description, an analogy Main idea: topic sentence at the beginning or as conclusion at the end

21 Reference Relate ideas to each other Signals syntactic or semantic connection within and between sentences Can refer back to ideas mentioned, or forward to ideas yet to be stated

22 Connectives p.130 Better understanding increases reading speed Helps prediction of the subsequent ideas in reading Helps flow and elaboration of ideas when writing

23 Functions of Connectives Signal Results: consequently, accordingly Signal Contrast: nevertheless, in spite of Signal Addition: in addition, furthermore Signal Examples: for instance Signal Series or Time Sequence: to begin with, finally

24 Making Good Notes p.185 1.Requires active participation 2.Demands full attention 3.Be alert to the thought of speaker 4.Be able to differentiate important ideas

25 How to keep a note book 1.Use an outline 2.Use a large loose-leaf notebook 3.Use ink, colour pencils for visual effect 4.Title each page with course name and date 5.Leave wide margin on the left or right for review

26 Purpose of making notes Guide you through carefully through the course (Outline) Aid your thinking by referring to the main points (Highlight) Remind you later the development and relationship of essential ideas (Macro view of idea:-Mind Map)

27 How to make notes effectively? ΩDistinguish the relative importance of ideas, facts /opinions (Thinking Skills) ΩWrite rapidly and clearly (regular practice essential) using symbols or abbreviations, the exact words of which should be written later ΩPractice with outlining written materials first : especially arranging topic sentence, subordinate details, connectives, transition and conclusion

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