Presentation on theme: "I would like to speak on the following four topics:"— Presentation transcript:
1 China’s Economic Development and the Change in Production and Employment in China
2 I would like to speak on the following four topics: 1. China’s Economic Development2. Overview of Employment in China3. Relation between China’s EconomicDevelopment and Employment4. Several New Trends in Employment inChina
3 1. China’s Economic Development (1) Size of the economy(2) Investment in fixed assets(3) Consumption(4) External trade5101520198019811982198319841985198619871988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003Changes in Annual GDP Growth （％）
4 2. Overview of Employment in China (1) Population and size of the labor force(2) Total employment volume55000600006500070000750008000019901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003Changes in the Number of Workers ( ) (Unit: 10,000)
5 Diagrams: Ratio of the Population of the Employed in Urban and Rural Areas of the Total Employment VolumeRatio of the population of the employedin urban and rural areas (1990)Ratio of the population of the employedin urban and rural areas (2003)Population of the employedin urban areas26%Population of the employedin urban areas34%Population of the employedin rural areas66%Population of the employedin rural areas74%
6 (3) Employment structure 0%20%40%60%80%100%19901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003Ratio of Employed Persons by Industry ( )Primary industry Secondary industry Tertiary industry
7 Diagrams: Employment Structure by Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Industry 19%Tertiary industry29%Primary industry49%Primary industry60%Secondary industry21%Secondary industry22%
8 (4) Unemployment rate188.8.131.52.62.82.93.03.13.64.00.01.02.05.019901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003Changes in the Registered Unemployment Rates in Urban Areas ( )
9 3. Relation between Economic Development and Employment (1) First phase ( ) A major feature of the relation between economic development and employment during this phase was that economy and employment grew simultaneously. Regular employment and atypical employment existed side by side, and at the same time, supported the growth of employment. Atypical employment is gradually beginning to play the role of increasing employment.(2) Second phase (1996-today)A major feature of the relation between economic development and employment during this phase is that economy and employment are no longer growing simultaneously. While the momentum of economic growth has been maintained, the increase in the number of workers is slowing. The number of regular employees is declining. Atypical employment is absorbing an increasing number of workers.
10 4. Several New Trends in Employment in China (1) The employment conditions remain difficult.(2) Atypical employment, such as employment of part-timers and job-hopping part-timers, continues to increase.(3) The number of workers employed by foreign-affiliated firms continues to increase.(4) The issue of young people’s employment has come to the surface.(5) The issue of surplus labor in rural areas becomes an increasingly difficult issue. In sum, China’s working-age population will increase by 5.5 million every year on average until In 2020, China will have a working-age population of 940 million. With this labor force, China must maintain a certain level of economic growth. For the Chinese Government, the employment issue is very important. Employment promotion is one of the Chinese Government’s long-term national policies.