IT BREAKS DOWN INTO…. Carbohydrates Proteins Fats NUCLEIC ACIDS!
How does this happen? The changes that food molecules undergo are called reactions Reactions happen all the time in our body For a reaction to occur there has to be a certain amount of energy
Lactose Intolerance What does it mean to be lactose intolerant?
Lactose Intolerance What does it mean to be lactose intolerant? – Being lactose intolerant means you are missing a protein that helps you digest the lactose sugar – Since your body cannot break down the sugar, then you can get sick
Enzymes Enzymes are proteins that help molecules react with one another – Ex: Lactase is the enzyme that breaks down lactose
Demo Time!!! I put yeast (the stuff you use to make bread) and hydrogen peroxide in this graduated cylinder Yeast contains an enzyme catalase that helps break down hydrogen peroxide into two different molecules- water and oxygen! What are we seeing????
Enzymes Enzymes are catalysts that speed up chemical reactions This works by lowering the amount of energy needed for a reaction to occur The amount of energy needed for a reaction to occur is called the activation energy
Enzymes – super special proteins Enzymes speed up chemical reactions. They are also called catalysts. Almost every reaction in your body is controlled by an enzyme!
Enzymes Each enzyme has an active site where a molecule can bind The molecule that binds to the enzyme is called the substrate
Enzyme specificity Enzymes are specific to a particular reaction Each enzyme binds to one particular substrate
How does the environment affect enzymes? Extremely high temperatures or acidic environments can damage enzymes