Presentation on theme: "“Quotation Marks” By: Krystal, Cyrous, and Demarius."— Presentation transcript:
“Quotation Marks” By: Krystal, Cyrous, and Demarius
What are quotation marks and when are they used? Quotation marks, also called quoted or inverted commas, are punctuation marks used in pairs to set off speech, a quotation, or a phrase. The pair consists of an opening quotation mark and a closing quotation mark, which may or may not be the same character.
There are two types of quotations: direct and indirect. A direct quotation uses the exact words of an authority and must be identified in your paper with quotation marks and parenthetical documentation. An indirect quotation, or paraphrase, is a restatement of a thought expressed by someone else that is written in your own style and needs to be documented.
Here are some examples of Direct and Indirect Quotations: Direct: He knows that someday “things will even out.” Indirect: His only reply was that someday he would get even.
General guidelines for using quotation marks with other punctuation: Commas and periods go inside the “close quote” quotation mark. I know that you are fond of the story “Children of the Corn,” but is it an appropriate subject for your essay? “At last,” said the old woman, “I can say I am truly happy.” Semi colons and colons go outside the “close quote” quotation mark. She never liked the poem “Dover Beach”; in fact, it was her least favorite piece of Victorian literature. He clearly states his opinion in the article “Of Human Bondage”: he believes that television has enslaved and diminished an entire generation. Question marks and exclamation points depend on whether the question or exclamation is part of the quotation or part of the sentence containing the quotation. Where is your copy of “The Raven”? “How cold is it outside?” my mother asked.
Other uses of quotation marks: Titles of short stories, short poems, short musical compositions, plays, and chapters of books. Use italics or underlining for titles of long poems, books, and magazines. Use the single quotation mark to set off a quote within a quote. Ex. “What do you mean, ‘What do I mean?’” Alberta sniffed. Use quotation marks to indicate formal definitions, sarcasm, or slang. Ex. Intrepid means “bold” or “fearless.” Then this “genius” forgot the keys.
Works Cited Lynch, Jack. "Punctuation and Quotation Marks." Guide to Grammar and Style. 14 May 2006. 15 Jun 2006. Peck, Frances. "Quotation Marks." HyperGrammar. 18 Nov. 1998. 15 Jun 2006. "Quotation mark." Wikipedia. 2006. Wikimedia Foundations, Inc. 15 Jun 2006 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quotation_mark.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quotation_mark Rodrigues, Dawn, and Myron Tuman. Writing Essentials. 2nd. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1999. "Using Quotations." LEO: Literacy Education Online. 05 MAR 2004. LEO: Literacy Education Online. 15 Jun 2006. Wilson, Kenneth. " Quotation Marks." Bartleby.com: Great Books Online. 15 Jun 2006.