Presentation on theme: "Surrealism The conscious and unconscious come together in our DREAMS….."— Presentation transcript:
1 SurrealismThe conscious and unconscious come together in our DREAMS…..
2 Pre- Surrealist De Chirico - Metafisica NOT a Surrealist, but influenced later Dadaists & SurrealistsMelancholy and Mystery of a Streetlong setting sun, empty van, hoop?, ominous shadow,-strangeness of familiar objectsthere is a sense of impending evil that “underneath this reality in which we live and have our being, another and altogether different reality lies concealed.”-Nietzche-Figure GIORGIO DE CHIRICO, Melancholy and Mystery of a Street, Oil on canvas, 2’ 10 1/4” x 2’ 4 1/2”. Private collection.
4 Vast, empty landscape, visual ironies Daliinfluenced by Freud.PROCESS -paranoiac critical method - dream world seems real b/c its painted perfectly.Sought to “materialize the irrational with precision so that imagined world is as concrete as the real world….”Persistence of MemorySymbols:Ants- decayRocks – eternityClocks - timeMeaning ?Figure SALVADOR DALÍ, The Persistence of Memory, Oil on canvas, 9 1/2” x 1’ 1”.Vast, empty landscape, visual ironiesTime is artificial, cannot withstand true power of the universe….will the sun ever set?
7 Subverting logic and common sense How do we read visual art? – MagritteCreated illogical painting to shock and confuse viewers: like a bad dream …Painted meticulouslySubverting logic and common senseHow do we read visual art? –we can’t rely on the rational…Treachery of ImagesFigure RENÉ MAGRITTE, The Treachery (or Perfidy) of Images, 1928–1929. Oil on canvas, 1’ 11 5/8” x 3’ 1
9 Figure 33-50 JOAN MIRÓ, Painting, 1933. 5’ 8” x 6’ 5”. KleeProcess: Stare at an image, and let the brush lead him until image emerged….STYLE: Ambiguous, focus on simple lines, childlike, more based on real life than Miro., PaintingMiro - Master Automatist= CHANCEProcess: two stages: 1.free(unconscious); 2.controlled(conscious) planned accidentsStarted with scattered cutouts and then painted the silhouettes – society “lets go”STYLE: neg/pos space interplay, dark, obvious focal points, shapes, lines, 2DFigure JOAN MIRÓ, Painting, ’ 8” x 6’ 5”.Figure PAUL KLEE, Watercolor and pen and ink, on oil transfer drawing on paper, mounted on cardboard, 2’ 1” x 1’ 7”., Twittering Machine
12 Frida Kahlo Two Fridas Did NOT consider herself a Surrealist What is being represented?Spanish “lady” vs. Mexican peasant(political undertones)“Euro dress”=Imperial forces in SpainIndigenous dressHeart = Aztec symbol that Mexican Nationalists idealized (as the last great rulers)Diego as baby, surgical tool…..?Figure FRIDA KAHLO, The Two Fridas, Oil on canvas, 5’ 7” x 5’ 7”.
15 (Le Déjeuner en fourrure), OPPENHEIM, Object(Le Déjeuner en fourrure),Combination of unlike objectsAlchemy…Figure MERET OPPENHEIM, Object (Le Déjeuner en fourrure), Fur-covered cup, 4 3/8” in diameter; saucer, 9 3/8” in diameter; spoon, 8”. Museum of Modern Art, New York (purchase).
16 GIACOMETTI, Man Pointing, 1947 Alienated, solitary, lost in the world’s immensityExpressive and FormalisticFigure ALBERTO GIACOMETTI, Man Pointing, Bronze no. 5 of 6, 5’ 10” x 3’ 1’ 5 5/8”. Nathan Emory Coffin Collection of the Des Moines Art Center, Des Moines. (Purchased with funds from the Coffin Fine Arts Trust.)
17 Which of the following is a practice of Jean Arp? Relying on the element of chancePerformance artChanging the meaning of readymade objectsDepicting dreams through art2. Which of the following is a practice of Duchamp?
18 3. Which of the following artists promoted automatism (the creation of art without conscious control)?DaliMagritteMiroOppenheim