Presentation on theme: "KEY TERMS: SOCIALISM: AN ECONOMIC SYSTEM WHERE THE GOVERNMENT CONTROLS MOST BUSINESSES FOR THE GOOD OF THE PEOPLE. CAPITOLISM IS SLOWLY BEING DONE AWAY."— Presentation transcript:
KEY TERMS: SOCIALISM: AN ECONOMIC SYSTEM WHERE THE GOVERNMENT CONTROLS MOST BUSINESSES FOR THE GOOD OF THE PEOPLE. CAPITOLISM IS SLOWLY BEING DONE AWAY WITH. CAPITALISM: AN ECONOMIC SYSTEM WHERE FACTORIES & BUSINESSES ARE MOSTLY PRIVATELY OWNED AND OPERATED FOR PROFIT. COMMUNISM: AN ECONOMIC SYSTEM. THE GOAL OF SOCIALISTS. THERE’S NO GOVERNMENT AND EVERYONE SHARES EVERYTHING & EQUALITY RULES.
Discuss the difference between Capitalism, Socialism, and Communism.
TOTALITARIANISM: (SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT) WHEN THE GOVERNMENT CONTROLS EVERY ASPECT OF A PERSONS LIFE. TOTALITARIAN COUNTRIES ARE ALWAYS RULED BY A DICTATOR. DICTATORSHIP: (SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT) A POLITICAL LEADER WITH ABSOLUTE POWER TO MAKE LAWS AND COMMAND THE MILITARY. FASCISM: (SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT) PROMOTES EXTREME NATIONALISM (PRIDE IN COUNTRY), DENIES RIGHTS OF INDIVIDUALS AND EMBRACES CAPITALISM.
Discuss and explain totalitarianism, dictatorship, and fascism.
*THERE IS A GREAT GLORIFICATION OF WAR. MORE ON FASCISM : * ONE PARTY SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT. PEOPLE ARE LESS IMPORTANT THAN THE GOVERNMENT. *CONTROL IS MAINTAINED BY THE MILITARY AND SECRET POLICE. *PRIVATE OWNERSHIP (CAPITALISM) IS ALLOWED, BUT CONTROLLED BY THE GOVERNMENT. *FAMOUS FASCISTS: HITLER (GERMANY), MUSSOLINI (ITALY), FRANCO (SPAIN).
WHAT TOTALITARIAN DICTATORS HAD IN COMMON: 1. THEY TOOK AWAY FREEDOM FROM THE PEOPLE. 2. THEY ALWAYS RULED BY FORCE. 3. THEY ALL HAD A SECRET POLICE. 4. THOSE WHO OPPOSED THEM WERE ELIMINATED (killed). 5. THEY CONTROLLED THE ECONOMY. THE MILITARY ALWAYS GOT THE MOST MONEY.
WHAT LED TO DICTATORSHIPS? A. IN THE SOVIET UNION (RUSSIA): STALIN WAS PART OF THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION UNDER LENIN (1917). STALIN EVENTUALLY BECOMES LEADER OF THE COMMUNISTS. B. IN ITALY: MUSSOLINI (FASCIST) PROMISED TO MAKE ITALY STRONG AGAIN AFTER WORLD WAR I AND GET REVENGE FOR BEING LIED TO. C. IN GERMANY: HITLER (FASCIST) PROMISED TO MAKE GERMANY STRONG AGAIN GET LOST TERRITORY BACK AND REVOKE THE UNFAIR TREATY OF WWI.
D. IN SPAIN: HITLER & MUSSOLINI HELP FRANCO (FASCIST) TO COME TO POWER. E. IN JAPAN: MILITARY GENERALS IN JAPAN BECAME POWERFUL WHEN CONCERNS OF U.S. EXPANSION IN ASIA AROSE. WHAT LED TO DICTATORSHIPS? Tojo-Japan
AFTER WWI, DICTATORS CAME TO CONTROL SEVERAL NATIONS. 1. JOSEPH STALIN [Communist] - USSR 2. BENITO MUSSOLINI [Fascist] - ITALY 3. ADOLF HITLER [Fascist] - GERMANY 4. FRANCISCO FRANCO [Fascist] - SPAIN 5. HIDEKI TOJO [Military Dictatorship] - JAPAN
Who are the 5 totalitarians what country are the from and what is their political or economic system?
C. 1935 Great PURGES *Stalin removed people in the communist party. *Stalin kills many military officers in the army. D. 5 Year Plans (industrialize quickly) lead to the death of millions of people. E. 1953 STALIN DIES OF NATURAL CAUSES. A. TOOK OVER AFTER LENIN DIED (1924) B. SOLIDIFIED HIS POWER Used secret police to force his rivals into exile or silence. JOSEPH STALIN -"Man of Steel"
Who was Stalin and what were his policies? 5 Year Plan and the Great Purge.
C. 1922 - MARCHED ON ROME WITH "BLACKSHIRTS“ FORCED THE KING TO MAKE HIM PRIME MINISTER. D. CHOSE TO SUPPORT HITLER (GERMANY) IN WWII A. FOUGHT IN WWI B. BEGAN AS A SOCIALIST (NOT A FASCIST) BENITO MUSSOLINI -"EL DUCE"
C. 1924 HITLER ATTEMPTS TO OVERTHROW THE GOVERNMENT SENTENCED TO 5 YRS. SERVES - 8 MONTHS. HE WRITES HIS BOOK ‘MIEN KAMPF’ WHILE THERE. D. 1932 NAZIS BECOME THE MOST POWERFUL PARTY IN THE GERMAN GOVERNMENT A. FIGHTS IN WWI, BLINDED BY GAS… GETS A MEDAL B. 1921 ELECTED CHAIRMAN OF THE NATIONAL SOCIALIST GERMAN WORKERS PARTY (NAZI’S) ADOLF HITLER -"THE FUHRER" (leader) E. 1933 HITLER BECOMES CHANCELLOR OF GERMANY Soon After… His opponents are eliminated, Economy turns around, Depression over. Brutal violence against Jews and other groups.
Who was Adolf Hitler and how did he come to power in Germany. Also discuss the life and death of the Hitler.
A. HE BEGAN HIS PUSH FOR POWER DURING THE SPANISH REVOLUTION IN 1936 B. ACCEPTED THE AID OF TWO OTHER FASCISTS, HITLER AND MUSSOLINI, WHO SENT TROOPS TO HELP HIM SEIZE POWER IN 1939. C. HE RULED UNTIL 1975 WHEN HE DIED. FRANCISCO FRANCO -GENERALISSIMO
Who was Francisco Franco and what role does his revolution play in the overall picture of fascism.
TOJO IN U.S. CUSTODY  HIDEKI TOJO –THE RAZOR
A. CAME TO POWER AS A GENERAL IN JAPAN AFTER WWI AND FOLLOWED THE TRADITION OF THE SAMURAI. B. WAS ANGRY ABOUT U.S. EXPANSION IN ASIA AND ESPECIALLY REGARDING THE PHILLIPINES AND CHINA. C. WAS MUCH MORE POWERFUL THAN JAPAN’S EMPEROR (HIRO HITO). HIDEKI TOJO –THE RAZOR
The Rhineland Germany could not have troops in an area of the Rhine River valley along the French border. This was meant to protect France against a possible German invasion. Hitler sent troops into the Rhineland in 1936. France and Britain were unwilling to stop this. The Anschluss In 1938 Hitler tried to unite the ethnic Germans of Austria with those of Germany. He tried to force the Austrian government to agree to Anschluss – union with Germany. When the Austrian government refused, Hitler sent troops into the country. No one stopped Hitler. Adolf Hitler Gains Power The Sudetenland Hitler began plans to gain control of a German-speaking portion of Czechoslovakia. He encouraged the Germans in the area to protest the Czech government and then threatened a military attack. Neville Chamberlain and others allowed Hitler to annex the Sudetenland.