1 4-4: Nonmetals, Inert Gases, & Semimetals What are the properties of nonmetals and inert gases?
2 Anticipatory Set What do you know about chlorine? Find chlorine on the periodic table.What is near chlorine?
3 California StandardsScience Standard 8.7.a: Students know how to identify regions corresponding to metals, nonmetals, and inert gases.Science Standard 8.7.c: Students know substances can be classified by their properties, including their melting temperature, density, hardness, and thermal and electrical conductivity.
4 Inputnonmetal: An element that lacks most of the properties of a metal.diatomic molecule: a molecule that consists of two atoms.halogen: The “salt forming” elements in Group 17inert gas: The unreactive elements in Group 18.semimetal: They have some properties of metals but also properties that are typical of nonmetals.semiconductor: Substances that can conduct electric current under some conditions but not.
5 Input & Modeling Properties of Nonmetals Most nonmetals are poor conductors of electric current and heat.Solid nonmetals are dull, meaning not shiny, and brittle, meaning not malleable or ductile.If you hit most solid nonmetals with a hammer, they will break or crumble into a powder.4 nonmetals are gases at room temperature.
6 Input & ModelingWhen nonmetals and metals react, electrons move from the metal atoms to the nonmetal atoms.
7 Input & Modeling Families of Nonmetals Each element in the carbon family has atoms that can gain, lose, or share four electrons when reacting with other elements.
8 Input & Modeling Families of Nonmetals Group 15, the nitrogen family, contains two nonmetals: nitrogen and phosphorus. These non- metals usually gain or share three electrons when reacting with other elements.
9 Input & Modeling Families of Nonmetals Group 16, the oxygen family, contains three nonmetals: oxygen, sulfur, and selenium. These elements usually gain or share two electrons when reacting with other elements.
10 Input & Modeling Families of Nonmetals The Group 17 elements, the halogens, are very reactive. Atoms of these elements easily form compounds by sharing or gaining one electron when reacting with atoms of other elements.
11 Input & Modeling Families of Nonmetals The elements in Group 18 are the inert gases. They do not ordinarily form compounds because atoms of inert gases do not usually gain, lose, or share electrons. They are also known as the noble gases.
12 Input & Modeling Families of Nonmetals Because the chemical properties of hydrogen differ very much from those of the other elements, it really cannot be grouped into a family.
13 Input & Modeling Semimetals The most useful property of the semimetals is their varying ability to conduct electric current.The most common semimetal is silicon.
14 Check for Understanding In which portion of the Periodic Table do you find nonmetals?The right of the semimetalsWhat is another name for inert gases?noble gases
15 Guided Practice Independent Practice Answer Finish the worksheet. #1, 2, 9, 10IndependentPracticeFinish theworksheet.metalloid, nitrogenNonmetal, oxygenCf
16 EXTENSIONWrite a detailed SUMMARY of the section and complete the UNANSWERED QUESTIONS section of your notes.Choose two of the remaining Depth & Complexity ICONS in your notes and explain how they relate to this section.