Presentation on theme: "Just Imagine… You are the owner of the New York Yankees and have just won the World Series. You currently have an infinite amount of power and influence."— Presentation transcript:
Just Imagine… You are the owner of the New York Yankees and have just won the World Series. You currently have an infinite amount of power and influence. How can you make sure that your empire never ends?
What is it? Imperialism: the policy by a stronger nation to attempt to create an empire by dominating weaker nations economically, politically, culturally, or militarily.
The Age of Imperialism, 1850-1914 To gain power, European nations compete for colonies and trade. Nationalism Europeans exerted influence over the economic, political, and social lives of people they colonized. Europeans believe they must spread their Christian teachings to the world. Missionary Spirit Demand for raw materials and new markets spurs a search for colonies. Economic Competition Causes
Humanitarian Goals Missionaries, doctors & colonial officers believed they had a duty to spread what they saw as the blessings of Western civilization. –Medicine, law, Christian religion
Social Darwinism West - racial superiority Application of Darwin’s ideas on natural selection to justify the imperial conquest & destruction of other races
Political & Military Interests Navy –Needed bases around the world to get supplies Nationalism –One country had land in a region, others would follow –Prestige of ruling a global empire –“Great nations have great colonies”
Forms of Imperial Control – Colony Imperial powers controlled the governments of their colonies –Direct rule: officials are sent from the imperial power to administer the colony Goal: impose the imperial power’s culture onto the colony & turn into a province –Indirect rule: local rulers are used as agents in governing Local children urged to get an education in the imperial power; grooming next generation.
Forms of Imperial Control – Protectorate Local ruler left in place –Expected to take advice of European advisors on issues of trade or missionary activity
Forms of Imperial Control – Sphere of Influence An area in which an outside power claimed exclusive investment or trading privileges.
The Sun Never Sets on the British Empire Examine the map below and think – What does this title mean?
Imperialism and Empire - Africa 1880 – Most of Africa consisted of independent states 1914 – With the exception of Ethiopia and Liberia, all of Africa was controlled by Europeans
Why are all these European Nations and why do they want a piece of Africa?
Imperialism and Empire - India The Sepoy Rebellion allowed British soldiers to invade and control all of India The British established control of India and its neighbors by 1914. The British controlled Australia, New Zealand and much of the far east. The worlds’ biggest empire!
British in India Crops: opium poppies for sale in China and cotton and tea for sale in the rest of the British empire Cotton textile making outlawed in India India was so profitable, it was called the “Jewel in the Crown.”
Imperialism in China Because of repeated attempts at invasion, China distrusted foreigners and tried to remain isolationist. They were unsuccessful. Britain gained spheres of influence in China through smuggling opium. Resulted in Opium War and Boxer Uprising. Resulted in continued sale of Opium.
Why would a Christian nation sell opium in China?
The Age of Imperialism, 1850-1914 Europeans control land and people in areas of Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Colonization Christianity is spread to Africa, India, and Asia. Christianization Europeans control trade in the colonies and set up dependent cash-crop economies. Colonial Economics Effects Europeans exerted influence over the economic, political, and social lives of people they colonized.