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The SDMX Registry Model April 2, 2009 Arofan Gregory Open Data Foundation.

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Presentation on theme: "The SDMX Registry Model April 2, 2009 Arofan Gregory Open Data Foundation."— Presentation transcript:

1 The SDMX Registry Model April 2, 2009 Arofan Gregory Open Data Foundation

2 Background SDMX provides a number of standards and guidelines which support the standard exchange of statistics –Standard models/XML/EDIFACT formats for data –Standard models/XML formats for metadata –Standard architecture based on a set of registry services –Guidelines for the use of standard statistical concepts across domain boundaries –Framework for establishing domain standards within each statistical domain

3 SDMX Registries This talk focuses on the SDMX Registry Services –These are key to fully automating statistical discovery and exchange –They are the primary means of enhancing visibility and discovery of data and metadata within statistical communities –They are designed to provide a connection point between SDMX and other related standards

4 Existing Problems Duplication of effort –There is a lot of duplicative work within statistics, because there is little awareness of other data collection within specific areas –This is wasteful Even with a large amount of public statistical data available on the Internet… –It is difficult to find good data with good metadata –This impacts end-users (researchers, students, journalists) more than policy makers with dedicated access to the data Using existing data can be difficult –Too many formats – too much emphasis on Web-site presentation (as opposed to download) –Too little metadata for existing data sets –Difficult or impossible to combine data from different sources –Access to data sources is difficult or impossible (not even the documentation is accessible) –Understanding concepts and definitions can be challenging – this impacts comparability of data

5 The Case for Infrastructure Support New standards allow for broader visibility and re-use of data and metadata –Produces greater transparency –Produces higher quality and efficiency in data access through automation Domains cannot be governed by individual organizations –The mission of most organizations is too narrow (even international ones) –This is the role of governments, supra-national initiatives, and public-private consortia Most public data is paid for by the taxpayers –But they are the least-well served for their investment

6 Emerging Solutions Web-services technology can deal with many of the generic problems inherent in distributing data sources and applications around the Internet Standards such as DDI, SDMX, and ISO/IEC 11179 provide specific models and formats for use within the domains of statistics and research SDMX provides a powerful registry model for establishing a research infrastructure –Designed to integrate with/support use of many other related standards (DDI, ISO 11179, METS, XBRL, etc.) SDMX registry tools are available free and as open source today

7 How do the SDMX Registry Services Work? An SDMX Registry (that is, an implementation of the standard registry services) provides a number of things to applications: –A repository of metadata about the structures and concepts of data and metadata sets –A repository of information about who provides what data and metadata to whom Helps to manage data across a broad network –A registry of available data and metadata sets in standard formats Lists all information to find and use standard data and metadata throughout a community network

8 REPOSITORY Provisioning Metadata REGISTRY Data Set/ Metadata Set REPOSITORY Structural Metadata Register Query Submit Query Submit Query SDMX Registry/Repository Describes data and metadata structures Describes data and metadata sources and reporting processes Indexes data and metadata SDMX Registry InterfacesSDMX Registry Interfaces

9 REPOSITORY Provisioning Metadata REGISTRY Data Set/ Metadata Set REPOSITORY Structural Metadata Subscription/ Notification Applications can subscribe to notification of new or changed objects Register Query Submit Query Submit Query SDMX Registry/Repository Describes data and metadata structures Indexes data and metadata SDMX Registry InterfacesSDMX Registry Interfaces

10 Deploying SDMX Registry Services Within Domains It is anticipated that each organization leading a statistical domain will deploy a set of registry services to support exchanges within that domain –This is also possible within national statistical systems and individual organizations It is possible to have generic, public registries as well –This model has not been widely explored SDMX-type registries within research domains also make sense –To supplement existing data archives and RDCs –Lowers the cost of development of research infrastructure significantly –Huge increase in visibility of and access to data and sourcing information

11 BIS IMF OECD World Bank WEBSITE (Various Formats) (3-month production cycle) The Old JEDH (Joint External Debt Hub) Site

12 BIS IMF OECD World Bank SDMX-ML (Debtor database) [Info about data is registered] SDMX Agent SDMX Registry Discover data and URLs Retrieves data from sites JEDH Site Data provided in real time to site SDMX-ML Loaded into JEDH DB JEDH with SDMX

13 CountrySTAT RegionSTAT National Publication Server(s) Regional Publication Server FAO SDMX Registry Flow of FAO CountrySTAT- RegionSTAT Implementation 1 2 3a 4 3b SDMX in Action: Prototype System FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS Slide courtesy of the FAO

14 FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS 1 CountryStat National Publication Server The web site is published from the files in CountryStat SDMX Publication The new CountryStat files are converted to SDMX-ML data sets and made web accessible on the CountryStat web site These files are registered in the FAO SDMX Registry RegionStat Regional Publication Server Queries the registry for new registrations which responds with registration details including the URL of the new data sets Retrieves the new data sets from the CountryStat web site Converts the SDMX-ML files to an internal format and integrates the new data sets with existing RegionStat data sets Re-publishes the RegionStat web site 2 3a 4 Prototype System: Explanation Slide courtesy of the FAO 3b

15 Federation of SDMX Registries SDMX uses a selective approach to replication of resources found inside domain SDMX registries –Each domain registry can become a recognized user in other domain registries –Subscription/notification can drive real-time replication of registry metadata around the network With a coordinated hub registry, a more formal registry network could be established –This would require no extension to existing technologies –This would require a major feat of organization (!) This is a very light federation mechanism –Other, more intensive schemes have failed in other technology domains (UDDI, etc.)

16 SDMX Registries and Other Standards The SDMX Registry Services are designed to support related standards –SDMX reference metadata reports can provide links to metadata and data in other standard formats –Allows for indexing of needed metadata fields from other standards within the SDMX registry natively –Can provide access to native non-SDMX formatted XML resources (DDI, Dublin Core, METS, XBRL, etc.) Benefits include: –Clarifying data and metadata ownership issues –Making sourcing transparent by linking aggregates to source data/metadata –Provide capabilities which are typically not available today to support comparison (integration with ISO/IEC 11179 metadata registries for dealing with terminology issues, etc.)

17 Clarification Not all registries are the same –UDDI and ebXML registries are much more generic in purpose, and compatible with SDMX –ISO/IEC Metadata Registries are not mechanistic web-services registries They are specialized repositories of metadata around semantics, concepts and terminology These are compatible with, not duplicative of, SDMX registry technology ISO/IEC 11179 could be implemented as an SDMX registry (!)

18 ODaF Vision - Standards Federated Registries (Based on SDMX, ebXML, web services) Aggregated Data/Metadata (SDMX) XBRL Business Reports DDI Microdata Sets ISO 19115 Geographies Dublin Core Citations Used in registered References to source data Standard classifications Organized using ISO 11179 Semantic definitions METS Packaging

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