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Vocabulary Interest groups- Groups that hope to influence gov’t officials to create legislation (laws) that benefit their agenda. Types of interest groups.

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Presentation on theme: "Vocabulary Interest groups- Groups that hope to influence gov’t officials to create legislation (laws) that benefit their agenda. Types of interest groups."— Presentation transcript:

1 Vocabulary Interest groups- Groups that hope to influence gov’t officials to create legislation (laws) that benefit their agenda. Types of interest groups include single issue, economic and public interest.

2 Warm Up? What are the kinds of services provided by Government Agencies?

3 Enforcing Laws EQ: Explain the various types of government agencies as well as how citizens can stay informed and participate in government?

4 Federal, state and local governments rely on a number of agencies to implement laws effectively.

5 Regulatory Commissions and Independent Agencies Regulatory Commissions and Independent Agencies see that laws are efficiently implemented and held to. ◦ Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ◦ Federal Trade Commission (FTC) ◦ National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) ◦ Federal Communications Commission (FCC) ◦ Food & Drug Administration (FDA) ◦ Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC)

6 ◦ Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) ◦ National Aeronautic & Space Administration (NASA) ◦ Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) ◦ Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC)

7 Law Enforcement Agencies National ◦ FBI  Nations top law enforcement agency  Operates under the US Justice Department ◦ Secret Service  Responsible for protecting public officials  Counterfeiting of US Money

8 State  State Bureau of Investigation (SBI)  State’s equivalent of FBI  State’s top law enforcement agency  State Troopers  Investigate and enforce violations of state traffic laws  National Guard  State’s Military Force  Serves to help in times of natural disasters or maintain order  Under command of Governor but can be nationalized by the President

9 Local ◦ Sheriff’s Department provides enforcement of criminal and civil laws ◦ Cities have their own police departments for city-wide enforcement

10 Informed Citizenry People must be informed of the laws that govern their society Ignorance of the Law is no excuse. ◦ Citizens are expected to obey a law even if they don’t know it existed.

11 Staying Informed Town Meeting ◦ Citizens in smaller communities can take part in drafting local laws and policies Public Hearing and Forums ◦ Meetings where the general public may attend to speak regarding laws and other matters Media ◦ Most common ◦ TV, Radio, Newspapers & magazines

12 The government also plays a role in keeping citizens informed ◦ Press releases are statements released to the public through the media ◦ Internet websites ◦ Accessibility of public officials/gov’t publications ◦ Political Debates ◦ Franking Privilege  Gov’t officials may send out newsletters or respond to letters for free by mail ◦ Special Task Force

13 Interest Groups Interest Groups Economic Interest Groups ◦ Promote economic or business interests ◦ Largest is the Chamber of Commerce Public Interest Groups ◦ Promote moral causes, rather than economic concerns ◦ Support causes that affect the lives of American people  Environmental groups Single Interest Groups ◦ Represent only a specific group ◦ AARP, Veterans of Foreign Wars, PETA

14 Think Tanks Think Tanks are organizations established to research, study or provide advice about important issues ◦ Often connected to Universities ◦ Provide information to gov’t leaders with opinions on economics, sociology, foreign policy, etc.

15 Graphic Organizer

16 EQ: Explain the various types of government agencies as well as how citizens can stay informed and participate in government?

17 REFLECTION What are some of the roles that regulatory commissions and independent agencies play in the implementation and enforcement of laws? What were some of the federal law enforcement agencies that we learned about today that are tasked with enforcing laws? What were some of the state law enforcement agencies that we learned about today that are tasked with enforcing laws? What were some of the local law enforcement agencies that we learned about today that are tasked with enforcing laws? What can citizens do to stay informed? What can the government do to keep citizens informed? What is the difference between economic interest groups, public interests groups, and single interest groups? What role does “Think Tanks” play in developing and enforcing policies?

18 Closing ? Do you think it is fair that citizens are held accountable to obey a law, even if they didn’t know it existed?


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