General Conventions of Horror... Dark colours used throughout Tend to be set at night Daylight signifies that the victim is safe Usually include a location such as a graveyard or a haunted house Music that has an increase in tempo to build the tension Repetition of sound, lighting and killing method May include elements of gore A victim who is targeted throughout, however, there could be multiple victims A villain who attacks the victim A hero who tries to help the victim and may or may not succeed Could include Levi Strauss' theory of 'Binary Oppositions' such as Good and Evil Set in the present day Contemporary, everyday costumes to suit the period the film is set in Shadows to suggest mystery Range of props such as murder weapon
Main character is normally a teenage girl who is left alone in a situation... From the 2009 film ‘Triangle’ directed by Christopher Smith
Camera Work... Lots of close ups of the victim to emphasize facial expressions Establishing shot to show the location of the film Long shots and mid shots help to build tension in the film Eye line matching to make the viewer feel like they are actually the victim or the killer in the horror film Jump cuts are used to keep the story line engaging Fade ups at the start of scenes add a sense of fear to the film Editing & Transitions...
An example of an establishing shot... From the 1994 film ‘Shawshank’ directed by Frank Darabont
Enigma... This is the reason why the killer is after you and is unknown to the viewer. The viewer may be given clues throughout the film to suggest what the enigma is and may not necessarily be revealed at the end of the film or in the first movie, if there is a sequel.
THIS SHORT FILM FOLLOWS ALL OF THE CONVENTIONS OF A TYPICAL HORROR FILM...
General Conventions of Romance... Light colours used throughout Tend to be set in the day with some night scenes Usually include a location such as a school, shop, cinema or restaurant Music that follows the build in the plot Two main characters The girl who falls for the guy The guy who hurts the girl emotionally and then gets her back Set in the present day High key lighting is used Simple, everyday costumes and props
The guy wins the girl back after he messes up... From the 2004 film ‘The Notebook’ directed by Nick Cassavetes
Camera Work... Closes ups of the main character, either the girl or guy, who is telling the story Establishing shots to show changes of location and mid shots to show character interaction Shot reverse shot to show conversation Jump cuts are used to keep the story line engaging and make the film move at a faster pace Text overlaid onto the image to inform us of time passing, key actors and maybe even the title Editing & Transitions...
Twist... Unlike a Horror, a Romance doesn’t have an enigma There is more likely to be multiple twists The main guy might hurt the girl’s feelings but changes his ways to win her back
THIS SHORT FILM FOLLOWS ALL OF THE CONVENTIONS OF A TYPICAL ROMANCE FILM...
Overall... Both genres have different codes and conventions which make them stand out from each other Sometimes the basic codes and conventions are broken to try and be original In a short film, the plots need to be simple unless the ending is left unresolved