Presentation on theme: "JUSCELINO KUBISTCHEK 21th Brazilian President Students: Paulo Victor, Deborah Soares, Dhimylee Gomes, Anne Hilária e Caio Bastos."— Presentation transcript:
JUSCELINO KUBISTCHEK 21th Brazilian President Students: Paulo Victor, Deborah Soares, Dhimylee Gomes, Anne Hilária e Caio Bastos
JK – JUSCELINO KUBITSCHEK Name: Juscelino Kubitschek Known name: JK Date of birth: 09/12 th /02 Date of death: 08/22 nd /76 Home town: Diamantina Origin: a Brazilian gypsy Czech mother Profession: a doctor and the 21 st Brazilian president
DOCTOR LIFE He studied medicine at the Federal University of Minas Gerais, in Belo Horizonte, graduating in 1927. In 1932 he was appointed captain-doctor of the Military Police of Minas Gerais. JK was a surgeon specializing in urology, having staged the Cochin Hospital in Paris. During the Constitutionalist Revolution of 1932, as a doctor, he served in the mining troops who fought the troops of São Paulo. JK served in the famous "Tunnel of Mantiqueira" as surgeon of the military police who had set up a hospital in railway wagons.
JKS DEATH August, 9 th, 1976, a notice spread in Brazil: Juscelino Kubitschek died in a bus crash. His friends and some journalists find him alive, smiley, and he said: " They're wanting to kill me, but they couldn't yet. Two weeks later, afternoon end of day 22 nd, August, the ex- president has died, when he traveled of São Paulo to Rio de Janeiro.
IMPORTANCE He was the 21st President of Brazil from 1956 to 1961, the first one elected by Brazilian peoples vote. His term was marked by economic prosperity and political stability, being most known by the construction of the new capital, Brasília. He was a leader who favored long-term planning and who set high goals for Brazils future. JK is viewed inside the country as the father of modern Brazil. The construction of Brasília has stimulated the diversification and expansion of the Brazilian economy, based on the industrial expansion and the integration of the national territory. Brasilia is listed as a world Heritage Site by UNESCO, and it is considered a masterpiece of modern urbanism and modern architecture
FOREIGN POLICY The economic development that Brazil lived during the term of JK prioritized investment in transportation and energy, basic industry (goods, durable and nondurable consumption), the import substitution. For JK and his government, Brazil would reduce social inequality creating wealth and developing industrialization and thereby strengthening the economy. To expand the Brazilian economic development, JK considered economic progress possible without the participation of foreign capital. To achieve the objectives of the Target Plan was needed a major intervention in the economy, prioritizing, then the entry of foreign capital in the country, especially in the automotive industry The energy and transport sectors were deemed essential to the economic development. Emphasized the importance of the Vargas government in this process, with the creation of the National Steel Company in Volta Redonda, RJ JK sought to increase food production and the energy sector, building of hydroelectric plants in Sao Paulo Afonso Francisco and dams of Furnas and Três Marias.