The French in North America In the early 1500s, the French began fishing off the coast of Newfoundland (Canada). 1608 – First permanent settlement in New France (Quebec). Jesuits soon followed converting the Natives to Christianity. Helped by Native American allies, French fur traders advanced inland & claimed large areas of land for France. http://www.meadwildlife.org/history/history-05a.jpg
The English in North America First permanent English settlement Jamestown, Virginia 1607. The Pilgrims showed up in 1620. (Plymouth, Mass) By the 1700s the struggle for power between the British & French led to the French & Indian War (The Seven Years War) The Treaty of Paris gave control of Canada to the British and lands east of the Mississippi. http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/revolution-images/images/treaty-of-paris-01.jpg
Changes in Europe New foods come to Europe from the Americas. -tomatoes, potatoes, pumpkins, beans, squash, corn, pineapples, and peppers. Tobacco & Chocolate The new crops led to population growth. Millions migrated to the America’s from Europe & force brought millions more from Africa. The growth in population led to inflation. http://www.nwhm.org/images/jamestown/page3image1_large.jpg
Revolutions 4/6/11 http://mrmilewski.com OBJECTIVE: Examine the concepts related to Exploration. I. Chapter#15&16 Guided Readings Complete the following activities due today! -Chapter#15 section#1 Guided Reading -Chapter#16 section#3 Guided Reading II. Chapter#15&16 Review -Review for Chapter#15&16 Test
Revolutions 4/7/11 http://mrmilewski.com OBJECTIVE: Examine Credit Where It’s Due. I. Administrative Stuff -Attendance II. The Day the Universe Changed -questions on episode#6 “Credit Where It’s Due” III. Homework due Tomorrow! 1.) Read Chapter#16 section#1 p.394-397 -Answer questions (1-7)* p.397 2.) Read Chapter#16 section#3 p.401-405 -Answer questions (1-7)* p.405 3.) Read Chapter#16 section#5 p.410-415 -Answer questions (1-7)* p.415 4.) Chapter#15&16 Review NOTICE: Chapter#15&16 Test Tomorrow!
Revolutions 4/8/11 http://mrmilewski.com OBJECTIVE: Demonstrate mastery of Chapter#15&16 and begin examination of the Age of Absolutism. I. Administrative Stuff -attendance & distribution of test II. Chapter#15&16 Test III. Journal#11 pt.A -Examine the map on p.423 -Answer questions (1-3) p.423 IV. Journal#11 pt.B -notes on Spain and the Holy Roman Empire V. Homework Friday 4/15/11 1.) Read Chapter#17 section#1 p.422-426 -Answer questions (1-7)* p.426 2.) Chapter#17 section#2 p.426-430 -Answer questions (1-6)* p.430
Empire of Charles V In the 1500s, wealth from the Americas made Spain the richest empire in Europe. Arts & literature were at their height. But, this surplus wealth eventually led to the decline of the empire. http://www.rootsweb.com/~wggerman/map/images/charlesvempire.jpg
Charles V Charles the grandson of Ferdinand & Isabella and ruled an empire that was vast. He wore two crowns. He was the heir to the Spanish crown and that of the Austrian Hapsburgs (Holy Roman Empire) http://cache.eb.com/eb/image?id=97228&rendTypeId=4
Constant Warfare Ruling both empires meant Charles was constantly at war. As you know, war costs money. He was at war with France for claims the Hapsburgs had in Italy. He fought against Protestant movements in the German states (he had to allow some of the princes to be Protestant) His greatest for was the Ottoman Empire. If it wasn’t for Poland, the Ottomans would have captured Vienna. http://ron.heavengames.com/cpix/gameinfo/nations/spain/charlesV.jpg
Poland 1683 King Jan Sobieski broke the Ottoman siege of Vienna. This stopped the Ottoman Empire from conquering Eastern & Central Europe. http://www.pages.drexel.edu/undergrad/ds22/rakoczi
King Philip II He reigned from 1556- 1598 He spent much of his time working & led a Spartan life style. He ruled as an absolute monarch & believed in divine right. He saw himself as guardian of the Catholic Church & enforced religious unity. http://www.nps.gov/casa/historyculture/images/philipII_1.jpg
Wars of King Phillip II Lepanto 1571 – Spain & Italian allies defeated an Ottoman fleet. Netherlands (1560s-1581) – Protestant provinces in the richest part of the empire revolted along religious lines, against high taxes, and autocratic Spanish rule. England 1588 – Spanish Armada sail on England.
The Spanish Armada By the 1580s, Philip viewed the Protestant Queen of England, Elizabeth I, as his primary foe. She had supported the Dutch against the Spanish. She supported Sea Dogs (Privateers) to plunder Spanish treasure ships. To end the English attacks Phillip assembled a huge fleet to sail on England. http://www.dover-kent.co.uk/people/images/pic_elizabeth_i_armada.jpg
The Spanish Armada In 1588, 130 ships with 20,000 men and 2,400 pieces of artillery set sail for England. Weird weather made the superior Spanish ships vulnerable to the lighter faster English ships. Then, a savage storm blew up scattering the Armada & ended the planned invasion. The Spanish were soon replaced by Dutch, English, and French fleets. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/2/2c/Routes_armada.gif/270px-Routes_armada.gif
The Golden Century Philip was a huge patron of the arts. El Greco “the Greek” – the Painter Miguel de Cervantes – he wrote Don Quixote. http://www.vangelismovements.com/ElGrecoFrontB.jpg
El Greco http://herschel.esac.esa.int/Toledo/toledo_elgreco.jpghttp://www.champagnat.org/images/mundomarymaria/imaculada/images/El%20Greco-1_jpg.jpg