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A Seed Plant is… A vascular plant that produces seedsVascular Tissue: forms a system of tiny tubes that transport water, food, and other minerals through the plant
Xylem… Is vascular tissue that carries water and minerals UPWARDS from the roots through the plant.
Phloem… Is vascular tissue that carries food throughout the plant (both UP and DOWN)
Roots are important… To anchor the plant in the groundTo absorb water from the soil To store food for the plant
A taproot system… Consists of a long, thick main root and thin, branching roots that extend out of the taproot. For example, carrots and dandelions
A fibrous root system… Consists of several main roots that branch repeatedly to form a tangled mass of thin roots For example, grass
Stems are important… To provide the means by which food, water, and minerals are transported from the roots to the leaves (xylem and phloem) Hold leaves up to receive sunlight for photosynthesis
A herbaceous stem… Is soft and greenSunflowers, dandelions, grass, tomatoes, etc.
A woody stem… Is rigid and strong(contains wood…crushed xylem and phloem) Lilac trees, rose bushes, maple trees, etc.
Leaves are important… To capture the sun’s energy and produce food and oxygen through the process of photosynthesis
A simple leaf… Has a blade that is in one piece Maple leaf
Compound leaves Have a blade that is divided into a number of separate leaf-like parts Palm leaves, mountain ash leaves
Stomata… Are microscopic openings in the epidermis of a leaf that allow carbon dioxide to enter and water and oxygen to exit Open during the day, closed at night
Transpiration… Is the process in which water is lost through the stomata in a plant’s leaves
During Photosynthesis…Green plants use sunlight, chlorophyll, water, and carbon dioxide to make sugar (food) and oxygen.
Flowers… Are structures that contain the reproductive organs
Sepal Leaf-like structures that protect the developing flower (bud)
Petal Colorful leaf-like structures that attract insects/animals with their colors and odors.
Stamen Male reproductive organ Thin stalk with small knobs on top
Filament Stalk-like part of the stamen
Anther Knob-like part of the stamen Produces pollen
Pistil Female reproductive organ found in the center of the flower
Stigma Sticky tip of the pistil that collects pollen
The stigma is sticky… So that it can collect and retain pollen from itself and other flowers
Style Slender tube that connects the stigma to the ovary
Ovary Contains eggs, which when fertilized become known as seeds
Pollination happens… 1. When a grain of pollen lands on the stigma2. Pollen breaks open and a tube grows down the style to the ovary
Pollination… Is the process in which pollen is carried from male reproductive structures to female reproductive structures.
Fertilization happensWhen a sperm cell emerges from the pollen tube and fertilizes the egg cell in the ovary.
3 Main Parts of a Seed: Young Plant (embryo)Stored Food: found in the seed leaves of the young plant Seed Coat: surrounds and protects the young plant
Seed Dispersal The process in which seeds are carried away from a plant Wind, animals (sticking to fur; eating fruit and disposing of seeds elsewhere), water
Annuals Plants that complete their life cycle within one growing season. (impatiens)
Biennials Plants that complete their life cycle within two growing seasons. (violets)
Perennials Plants that live for many years. (tulips)
Pollen… Is found within the male flower partsHolds the cells that later become sperm cells
THE PLANT KINGDOM.
Parts of a Plant Flower: Where pollination and reproduction takes place. Leaf: Where photosynthesis (food making) takes place. Stem: Holds.
Chapter 2 Energy From Plants.
Kingdom Plantae Notes Mancheski 2013.
REPRODUCTION AND STRUCTURE NOTES
Structures of Seed Plants
Crash Course on Plants Movement of Materials, Monocots vs. Dicots, Gymnosperms vs. Angiosperms, Plant Parts and Function, and Reproduction.
Plant Life Cycles.
Plants 4-1, 4-2, 5-1, 5-3, (5-2).
Plant Structure & Function
Plant and Animal Life Cycles
THE PLANT KINGDOM. 7 Basic needs of plants: * temperature *light *water *air *nutrients *time *room to grow.
Plant organs and tissues
Chapter 4 Plants. Lesson 1 How do leaves help a plant? Leaves are organs made of cells and tissues Plants make their own food called glucose Leaves.
Standards 3 & 4 Standard 3. Organisms in the Plant Kingdom are classified into groups based on specific structures. All plants are included in this kingdom,
Structures of Seed Plants.
Plant Life!!! By : Emily Bass. Photosynthesis Photosynthesis- is the process of converting light energy to chemical energy and storing it in the bonds.
Plant Anatomy and Physiology What are the parts of the plant, and how do they work?
What is a plant? Nearly all plants are autotrophs, meaning they make their own food. They are also called producers. All plants are eukaryotes. All.
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