Presentation on theme: "Introduction to the Counseling Profession"— Presentation transcript:
1 Introduction to the Counseling Profession Chapter 5Self-Care and Self-Growth:A Professional Responsibility
2 Chapter Topics Counselor Wellness and Impairment Holistic Approach to WellnessCognitive, Emotional, Physical, and Spiritual WellnessChallenges to Counselor Wellness
3 Introduction Many counselors find that maintaining a positive balance “Beyond ethical and competent practice, counselors are charged with fostering personal development. Personal development includes attention to self awareness, self care, and personal growth.”Many counselors find that maintaining a positive balancebetween personal development and professional standardscan be challenging.Sadly, this seems to be grounded in the fact that manycounselors tend to invest much more time and energy intaking care of others than in taking care of self.
4 Counselor Wellness and Impairment “Counseling work can be demanding, isolating, sometimes devalued, require attention to ethics and asks that we remain empathically attuned to clients’ stories, which may have a powerful impact on us. We give of ourselves physically, cognitively, emotionally and spiritually and at what cost?”Mental and physical health are essential to maintainingcompetence as much or more than knowledge and skills.Wellness is not simply the absence of illness, but rather anoutcome of consistently acknowledging and resolving lifechallenges throughout the life span.
5 Counselor Wellness and Impairment “Wellness is a result of living life with purpose and achieving one’s potential whereas being impaired means being unable to attain one’s potential or to perform to the best of one’s ability.”Therapeutic ImpairmentTherapeutic impairment occurs when there is a significant negativeimpact on a counselor’s professional functioning which compromisesclient care or poses the potential for harm to the client. Impairment maybe due to:Substance abuse or chemical dependencyMental illnessPersonal crisis (traumatic events or vicarious trauma, burnout, life crisis)Physical illness or debilitation
6 Counselor Wellness and Impairment Therapeutic ImpairmentCounselors who are impaired are distinguished from stressed ordistressed counselors who are experiencing significant stressors, butwhose work is not significantly impacted. Similarly, it is assumed that theimpaired counselor has at some point had a sufficient level of clinicalcompetence, which has become diminished as described above.All counselors fall somewhere on this continuum between well andimpaired.
7 Holistic Approach to Wellness “Archer, Probert, and Gage (1987) stated that wellness is ‘the process and state of a quest for maximum human functioning that involves the body, mind and spirit’ (p. 311).”Wellness includes professional proficiency and personal growth, which isreached through cognitive, emotional, physical, and spiritual well being.Each of us is a system made up of many parts. If any one of those partsis not working adequately, all of the parts suffer.
8 Holistic Approach to Wellness “Necessary preservation of your time and energy requires a cognitive component of self-talk, which serves as your internal Global Positioning System (GPS).”Cognitive WellnessStrategies for maintaining cognitive wellness includes:Monitoring Negative Self-talkSetting LimitsMaintaining BoundariesEngaging in MeditationEngaging in Effective TimeManagementMaintaining an Optimistic AttitudeMaintaining Financial Wellness
9 Holistic Approach to Wellness “Emotional wellness can also be called mental health. In the most basic sense, it refers to your ability to handle emotions in a constructive way in order to enable you to maintain a positive emotional state.”Emotional WellnessStrategies for maintaining emotional wellness includes:Maintaining a Positive Self-Imageand Self-EsteemStriving for Emotional StabilityDeveloping a Support NetworkMaintaining SatisfyingRelationshipsEngaging in Personal CounselingUtilizing Relaxation Techniques
10 Holistic Approach to Wellness “Physical wellness is the active and continuous effort to maintain the optimum level of physical activity and focuses on nutrition, as well as self-care and maintaining healthy lifestyle choices…”Physical WellnessStrategies for maintaining emotional wellness includes:Maintaining a Healthy DietEngaging in Routine Health CheckupsMaintaining Emotional HealthMaintaining a Healthy Level ofExercisePracticing Yoga
11 Holistic Approach to Wellness “Spirituality is typically represented by a broad perspective that reflects the need for transcendence and connectedness, while religion is a view which incorporates the tenets of specific faith traditions. It has been suggested that spirituality is “what individuals find sacred in their lives, what is most important to them at the essence of their being.”Spiritual WellnessStrategies for maintaining emotional wellness includes:Search for Your Own Meaning andPurpose in LifeUnderstand Your Own BeliefsDevelop an Individualized BeliefSystemUnderstand Your Own BiasesToward Spirituality and Religion
12 Challenges to Counselor Wellness “Counselors have a responsibility to refrain from causing hurt, strive to help others, and pursue professional excellence. The susceptibility to impairment in their professional lives that can undermine their therapeutic efficacy includes the crisis of counselor impairment, which is often a result of secondary trauma, occupational stress , and burnout.”BurnoutBurnout has been defined as “physical and emotional exhaustion,involving the development of negative self-concept, negative jobattitudes, and loss of concern and feelings for clients.”Burnout is an “occupational hazard that not only affects the counselor,but also could contribute to a diminished ability to act in a manner thatpromotes the well being of others.”
13 Challenges to Counselor Wellness “The concept of vicarious trauma means that hearing the details of the traumatic experiences of your clients may affect you on a personal level. For example, it can impact your perspective on the world.”Vicarious TraumaChanges in interpersonal relationships are also common in counselorssuffering from vicarious trauma.This could mean that you become withdrawn within the relationships inyour personal life, but it could also mean that you are no longer capableof meaningful therapeutic connection with your clients.
14 Challenges to Counselor Wellness “Another area that may affect counselor wellness is work related issues such as the counselors’ job satisfaction. Mental health counselors report that when there is confusion about their role or really large caseloads, this has a negative impact .”Work EnvironmentThere are things that can help counselors function effectively andmaintain a positive attitude about their work. These behaviors are knowsas career-sustaining behaviors (CSBs).These behaviors include “maintaining a balance between professionaland personal lives, maintaining objectivity about clients, reflecting onpositive experiences, participating in continuing education and avoidingundue responsibility for clients’ problems.”