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The Argumentative Essay

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Presentation on theme: "The Argumentative Essay"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Argumentative Essay
Introducing: Argument, the Counterclaim and Rebuttal

2 What is an Argumentative Essay?
The purpose of an argumentative essay is to persuade the reader to accept—or seriously consider--your opinion on a controversial issue Has three main parts: Claim/Argument/Thesis, Counter Claim, Rebuttal

3 Consider your Audience
Whom are you trying to reach? What do they already know about your topic? What is your relationship with your audience and how does it impact your word choice and tone?

4 CLAIM/Argument/Thesis
Your opinion or position on an issue Must be supported with evidence (quotes, facts, data) Evidence must be explained

5 COUNTER CLAIM Consider the opposite side Argues against your claim
Turn against your argument to challenge it Then turn back to reaffirm your position

6 The Opposing Side Ask these questions:
1. Who might disagree with my position? Why? 2. What reasons do people have for disagreeing with me? 3. What evidence would support an opposing argument?

7 Counter Claim Key phrases to use: One might object that...
It might seem that... It's true that... Admittedly... Of course...

8 REBUTTAL: arguing against opposition
Key Phrases to use: but yet however nonetheless still

9 EXAMPLE CLAIM: “More Americans are choosing low-carb diets because the media promotes low-carb diets as the new way to a skinnier body.” COUNTER CLAIM: “Some Americans don't watch television commercials because they own a DVR or Tivo.” REBUTTAL: Nonetheless, most Americans are exposed to other forms of advertisement in magazines, newspapers, and highway billboards.

10 Be Cautious! It is true that counter arguments enrich argumentative writing However adding a weak counter claim or overdoing it can cause worse results

11 In our papers: If my chosen theme was IMMIGRATION, what would be a potential claim and counter claim for my paper?

12 What will your paper look like?
5 Paragraphs: Paragraph 1 Introduction Defining topic and giving background information Thesis Statement that introduces 2 main points and counter claim

13 Paper Format (cont’d) Paragraph 2 – Main Point 1
Paragraph 4 – Counter claim with rebuttal Paragraph 5 - Conclusion

14 Moving Forward You will receive the topic list today. We will be on the computers Wednesday and Thursday perusing topics and narrowing down potential options. You will need to choose a particular side or opinion of whatever topic you choose. Lottery for topics will be at the end of class on Thursday.

15 Conducting Research While perusing topics this week, you will be able to use any search engine that your are comfortable with. HOWEVER, Once you start doing research on your particular topic, you will no longer be able to use Google, Yahoo, Bing, etc. You will need to use academic databases.

16 QUESTIONS?!?!?!


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