5 Buddhism: 373 Million followers No personal deity Siddhartha Gautama (563B.C B.C. ) was the founder, people follow his teachings.Many sacred texts, no main oneBuddhist monks and nuns are the leadership
6 The Buddha:The Buddha is not considered a god, rather he is seen as an example on how to live your life.
7 Basic Beliefs of the Buddhist: People reach complete peace and happiness, Nirvana, when they divorce themselves from worldly things and desires.Noble Eightfold Path is the way that a person reaches Nirvana
10 Since Hinduism has more than one god, what type of religion is it? 840 million followersBegan around 3000 B.C.Three main gods (Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva)No one founder or holy book, several texts including the VedasLeaders include the guru, Holy Man, and Brahmin priestsSince Hinduism has more than one god, what type of religion is it?
11 Basic Principles of Hinduism: ReincarnationPeople reach happiness when they let go of worldly possessionsWorship, knowledge and virtuous acts also lead to happinessKarma
13 Monotheistic Religions What are monotheistic religions?Which have the most followers?
14 Islam: One God (Allah) Began 622 A.D. after Muhammad left Mecca. Muhammad is the founderThe Qur’an is the holy bookSharia lawThere are no clergy leadersFollowers are known as Muslims (1.25 billion followers)
15 Basic Beliefs of the Muslim: Person achieves salvation by following the 5 pillars and living a just life.The 5 pillars are:FaithAlmsgivingFastingHajjPrayer
16 Confucianism:Not known how many followers due to blending with other ideas.Confucius (551 B.C. – 479 B.C.) was the founderSome say the main deity as wellHoly books include Analects and 5 Classics (Classic of poetry, Book of Documents, Book of Rites etc..)No clergy
17 Basic Beliefs of Confucianism: Strong family relationshipsSocial order, harmony and good governmentEducation is very important
18 Judaism: 15 million followers God (Yahweh) The founder is Abraham around 2000 B.C.Holy books include the Hebrew Bible or TorahRabbis
19 Basic Beliefs of Judaism: There is only one god who watches over his people.God protects his people, but also holds them accountable for their sins.A person serves god by studying the Torah and living its teachings.
20 Christianity: 2.1 Billion followers Jesus Christ is the founder The main text is the Holy BibleThe leaders of the Christian church are the clergy members
21 Basic Beliefs of the Christian: There is only one god and he protects and watches over his peopleJesus was the son of god and he died for man’s sins.